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Spring Potential energy, should be easy?

  1. Oct 12, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A spring with a spring constant of 500 N/m is used to propel a 0.42-kg mass up an inclined plane. The spring is compressed 30 cm from its equilibrium position and launches the mass from rest across a horizontal surface and onto the plane. The plane has a length l = 3 m and is inclined at 32°. Both the plane and the horizontal surface have a coefficient of kinetic friction with the mass of 0.35. When the spring is compressed, the mass is at distance d = 1.6 m from the bottom of the plane.

    6-p-057-alt.gif


    (a) What is the speed of the mass as it reaches the bottom of the plane?
    1Your answer is incorrect.

    (b) What is the speed of the mass as it reaches the top of the plane?
    2

    (c) What is the total work done by friction from the beginning to the end of the mass's motion?


    2. Relevant equations

    E = K + PE
    Ki + PEi = Kf PEf
    Elastic Potential Energy = (1/2)kx2

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I'm pretty sure I can solve this fairly easily after I figure out part A. However, Part A is giving me a lot of trouble.

    K_i + Elastic PE_i = K_f + Elastic PE_f
    0 + (1/2)(500)(1.62) = (1/2)(0.42)(v2) + 0
    v = 55.205 m/s

    That's wrong, any advice?

    Thanks in advance.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 12, 2010 #2

    Doc Al

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    (1) You forgot about friction! (What's the work done by friction?)
    (2) The compression of the spring is not 1.6 m.
     
  4. Oct 12, 2010 #3
    The work done by friction is the Frictional force multiplied by the distance. Would calculating that work value help me find the velocity. I remembered I had a bigger problem trying to figure out this problem that I forgot to include in the 'attempt at a solution'.

    This is what I've got:
    I have an initial elastic potential energy, and a final kinetic energy. With the givens, I can also calculate the force of friction on the block, but how do I incorporate that into the equation?
    Even if I can find a force from the spring, I could use newton's 2nd law to find the final speed.

    Any insight?
     
  5. Oct 13, 2010 #4

    Doc Al

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Initial mechanical energy - work done by friction = final mechanical energy

    The work done by friction is negative work: it decreases the mechanical energy.

    What's the work done by friction? Incorporate that into your energy balance as I indicate above.
     
  6. Oct 13, 2010 #5
    Ok, so let's try this again:
    Work done by friciton is:
    F_fr = mgμ = (0.42)(9.81)(0.35) = 1.44 N
    W_fr = (1.44N)(1.6m) = 2.307 Nm

    0 + (1/2)(500N/m)(0.3m^2) - 2.307 Nm = (1/2)(0.42)(v^2) + 0
    22.5 - 2.307 = 0.21v^2
    v = 9.806 m/s

    Which is exactly right! Thank you so much. I wish I would have thought to put it into a work equation. I need to pay more attention to the units to see that I can do things like that. From here on out, I should be able to just use kinematics
     
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