1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Two particles of mass m are connected by a light inextensible string of length l. One of the particles moves on a smooth horizontal table in which there is a small hole. The string passes through the hole so that the second particle hangs vertically below the hole. Use the conservation of energy and angular momentum to show that: r(dot)^2 = (gl+v^2)/2 - (lv)^2/(8r^2) - gr where r(t) is the distance of the first particle from the hole. 2. Relevant equations 3. The attempt at a solution I tried to solve this question using the expression linking angular momentum and the conservation of energy, namely: E = U(r) + J^2/(2mr^2) + 1/2*m*r(dot)^2 However, i cannot show the result that they want me to derive. There's a factor of 2 extra that I keep ending up with and I don't see how they have 8 in the denominator of one of the terms. Any help would be appreciated.