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Total momentum operator in peskin/schroeder

  1. May 11, 2013 #1
    I'm trying to work out the total momentum operator on page 22 of Peskin/Schroeder for myself, and I'm a little confused about the last few steps.

    Assuming I went through the first few steps correctly, I've arrive at this expression:

    $${\bf P}=\frac12\int\frac{d^3p}{(2\pi)^3}{\bf p}\left(2a^\dagger_{\bf p}a_{\bf p}+\left[a_{\bf p},a_{\bf p}^\dagger\right]+a_{\bf p}a_{\bf -p}+a^\dagger_{\bf p}a^\dagger_{\bf -p}\right).$$

    In the book they end up with

    $${\bf P}=\int\frac{d^3p}{(2\pi)^3}{\bf p}\,a^\dagger_{\bf p}a_{\bf p},$$

    so I'm obviously pretty close; I just have a couple extra terms.

    I'm assuming the commutator just gets dropped, since it's the infinite term, but do the last two terms somehow cancel? I can see that they create and annihilate the same two states with opposite momenta, but I don't know if it's justifiable to just drop them...
  2. jcsd
  3. May 11, 2013 #2


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    Terms like ##p\, a_p a_{-p}## don't contribute to the overall p integral, since they're odd in p.
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