- #1

ktolaus

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the task is the following:

Consider a two-level system with thermal population.

a) Show that the rate equation for the state [itex]N_2[/itex] is the following:

[itex]\frac{dN_2}{dt}=w(N_1-N_2)-\frac{N_2-N_2^e}{\tau}[/itex]

[itex]w=B_{12}\rho({\nu}) \,\,\, N_2=N_2^p+N_2^e\,\,\, N_1=N-N_2[/itex]

[itex]N_2^p[/itex] is the portion of the total population caused by pumping.

b) Show, that using such a system it is impossible to build a CW Laser.

c) Calculate the progress of [itex]N_2(t)[/itex] when the system is stimulated by a constant monochromatic signal with spectral density I and frequency [itex]h\nu=(E_2-E_1)[/itex]. For t=0 only thermal population exist.

My ideas are the following:

a) [itex]\frac{dN_2}{dt}[/itex] is just the sum of absorption, stimulated emission and spontaneous emission. Spontaneous emission occurs only from the the "pumped portion":

[itex]\frac{dN_2}{dt}=B_{12}\rho({\nu})N_1-B_{21}\rho({\nu})N_2-A_{21}N_2^p[/itex]

[itex]\frac{dN_2}{dt}=B_{12}\rho({\nu})N_1-B_{12}\rho({\nu})N_2-A_{21}(N_2-N_2^e)[/itex]

using [itex]A_{21}=\frac{1}{\tau}[/itex] leads to:

[itex]\frac{dN_2}{dt}=w(N_1-N_2)-\frac{N_2-N_2^e}{\tau}[/itex]

b) I'm not sure, but I think CW is only possible if [itex]\frac{d^2N_2}{dt^2}=0[/itex]:

[itex]\frac{d^2N_2}{dt^2}=B_{12}\rho(\frac{dN_1}{dt}-\frac{dN_2}{dt})-\frac{1}{\tau}\frac{dN_2}{dt}+\frac{1}{\tau}\frac{dN_2^e}{dt}[/itex]

[itex]N_2^e[/itex] should be independent on time. Using [itex]\frac{dN_1}{dt}=-\frac{dN_2}{dt}[/itex] leads to:

[itex]0=-2B_{12}\rho\frac{dN_2}{dt}-\frac{1}{\tau}\frac{dN_2}{dt}[/itex]

This can't be 0 since the left term depends on the frequency but the right term doesn't.

c) I tried several things but none of them were promising. The problem is: [itex]N_1[/itex] depends on the time.

I really would appreciate it if you gave me a hint.

Sorry for my english, but it's not my mother tongue.