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Unification of gravitation with other forces

  1. Oct 10, 2012 #1
    Why physicists are trying to unify gravitation with other 3 forces (weak, strong, e&m)?

    What if gravitation is actually not a force but a consequence of the mass's disturbance in space-time geometry? (like Einstein proposed)

    I don't understand their persistence on this unification. Maybe gravitation has different nature than other forces, and we can still seek for a theory of everything.

    Is it only the struggle of adaptation to proposed models (like standard model)? Is that the only reason?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 10, 2012 #2

    Drakkith

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    Staff: Mentor

    Scientists are trying to develop a new theory on gravity because our current one is most likely wrong. One reason we think this is because we run into an issue of having infinities start to pop out of our equations when we get to very high gravity scales. This almost guarantees that our theory is wrong and we don't understand how things work at this scale.

    It isn't just to unify it. Unlike string theory, quantum loop gravity actually doesn't try to unify it, but mostly to figure out if gravity is quantized or not. (Like everything else seems to be)
     
  4. Oct 10, 2012 #3
    A basic reason for unification is that it is believed that is the way things were at the moment of big bang...the beginning of our universe... unified in a single entity. So we'd like to understand such singularities better. In addition the Standard Model of particle physics does not include gravity....because we can't combine Standard Model Quantum mechanics with gravity:


    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loop_quantum_gravity

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Unification


    Such a unified understanding may also lead to insights about what happens at the end of our universe....and the exact fate of black holes....
     
    Last edited: Oct 10, 2012
  5. Oct 10, 2012 #4

    mfb

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    2016 Award

    Staff: Mentor

    Current physics cannot describe:
    - how the very first moments of the universe looked like
    - how the exact boundary of black holes looks like
    - what happens when two extremely high-energetic particles collide (something like 10^18 times the energy achieved in the LHC)
    - the origin of dark matter
    - plus some theoretical issues
    Basically everything where gravity and quantum theory are relevant at the same time

    It is expected that a theory which allows to describe all interactions at the same time can (at least in principle) solve those issues.
     
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