(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

In Bohr model of the hydrogen atom, the max. kinetic energy that an electron can have is around 13.6 eV, as it would otherwise not be confined to the atom.

Uncertainty Principle: ΔxΔy ≥ h/2π

a) Find the max. momentum of such confined electron.

b) Use Uncertainty Principle to estimate the size of the H atom.

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

for part a)

13.6 (eV) ≈ 2.18E-18 (J)

use E = 0.5 m v^2

i found v ≈ 2.2E6 (m/s)

use p = mv

i found the max. momentum of the e- is 2E-24 (Ns)

for part b)

i knew the max. energy the the e- can have is 13.6 eV,

therefore it can have energy from 0 - 13.6 eV,

therefore Δp = 2E-24

use the Uncertainty Principle,

Δx = [itex]\frac{h}{2πΔp}[/itex]

and i put all the number in, and found

Δx = 5.28E-11

however the correct answer is 2.6E-11

i dont know why i need to divide the Δx by half to get the answer.

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# Use Uncertainty Principle to estimate the size of the H atom

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