What is Principle: Definition + 1000 Threads

A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule that has to be or usually is to be followed. It can be desirably followed, or it can be an inevitable consequence of something, such as the laws observed in nature or the way that a system is constructed. The principles of such a system are understood by its users as the essential characteristics of the system, or reflecting system's designed purpose, and the effective operation or use of which would be impossible if any one of the principles was to be ignored. A system may be explicitly based on and implemented from a document of principles as was done in IBM's 360/370 Principles of Operation.
Examples of principles are, entropy in a number of fields, least action in physics, those in descriptive comprehensive and fundamental law: doctrines or assumptions forming normative rules of conduct, separation of church and state in statecraft, the central dogma of molecular biology, fairness in ethics, etc.
In common English, it is a substantive and collective term referring to rule governance, the absence of which, being "unprincipled", is considered a character defect. It may also be used to declare that a reality has diverged from some ideal or norm as when something is said to be true only "in principle" but not in fact.

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1. I Can someone explain the principle of magnetic levitation in this YouTube video?

Can someone explain me the principle of magnetic levitation in this YouTube video?
2. M

Alternate form of Principle of superposition

The definition is, I rewrite it as $$(L[y_1] = L[y_2] = 0) \rightarrow (L[c_1y_1 + c_2y_2] = 0)$$. However, I also wonder, whether it could also be rewritten as, $$(L[c_1y_1 + c_2y_2] = 0) \rightarrow (L[y_1] = L[y_2] = 0)$$ And thus, combining, the two cases, Principle of superposition...
3. Find the man's tension pulling the rope

The elastic force of the board,N=G_1+G_2=1000N. The kinetic friction f=μN=200N. The tension T=f=200N.
4. I Gravitational Force Calculation w/ Superposition Principle

Consider an object which is constituted of two different materials, which are inseparably mixed together, but which have different magnitude of masses. To calculate the gravitational force of the object upon another object, can the superposition principle be applied to the two constituent...
5. A How can a 'Principle' produce a 'Force'?

In a collapsing star, the expression for what goes on is "degeneracy pressure". The way it's put is that the Pauli Exclusion Principle just doesn't allow more than one fermion to exist in one place (state). So the star reaches a certain volume and, on the way, produces a lot of Energy. I can...
6. I A specific case of an exception to Archimedes' Principle?

First post on this forum, hopefully in the correct category and conforming to forum rules. Will the object in below scenario move upwards, downwards or will it remain stationary? An object is submersed in a container 'A' which contains a fluid 'B' (e.g. water) The trapezium shaped object...
7. D'Alembert's principle on inclined plane problem

The virtual displacement should be given by $$\delta\vec{r} = \begin{pmatrix} \cos(\alpha) \\ \sin(\alpha) \\ \end{pmatrix} \delta s$$ where ##\delta s## is a displacement parallel to the plane. The relevant force should be the gravitational force, as given above. Thus, the equations of...
8. B Archimedes Principle - A Rock and Water Magic Trick

I understand how to measure specific gravity of a rock. One weighs the rock then tares a beaker of water and then suspends the rock on a string to observe the “weight” gain of displaced water. My brain however could never get how, without adding a drop more water or adding the mass of the rock...
9. B Interesting Use Of Pigeonhole Principle

Check this one out about the number of hairs on a person's head, if not behind a paywall (I can't tell because I subscribe to Scientific American). Let me know if it is, and I will post a precis...
10. I Expansion of the Universe and the cosmological principle

Wikipedia states the following in their article about the expansion of the universe: If the cosmological principle was discovered to be false in our universe, i.e. our universe was discovered to be inhomogeneous or anisotropic or both on very large scales and the FLRW metric does not hold for...
11. B What is the principle of a magnet?

I cannot explain that if I divide a magnet with a north and a south pole into 2 parts, the force in it rearranges itself into 2 poles. Where is the center of power? How can I explain the principle of magnetic force if I don't take it as a matter of fact.
12. I How certain is the uncertainty principle?

How accurate of a measurement can we make on the position of a particle? I heard you need more and more energy to get a measurement more accurate. Would the energy needed to be infinitesimal accurate create a black hole upon. Measurement?
13. I Uncertainty Principle in QFT & Early Universe Conditions

I have a question related to the uncertainty principle in QFT and if it is related to the early universe conditions. Do we still have four-vector momentum and position uncertainty relation in relativistic quantum theory? I have been following the argument related to the early universe and the...
14. What is the principle of the keyless drill chuck?

How is the working principle of keyless drill chuck, the inventor confidently estimated that it'd have locking torque great enough as the same as to the keyed one just by turning around, fastening to motor spindle/connector?
15. Maximizing Ladder Stability: Understanding the Principle of Moments

Just started this topic in my advanced physics class and to be honest i have no clue how to really approach this question

17. I Two hydrogen atoms and Pauli's exclusion principle

Hello, I recently came across the following (apparent, I hope) paradox: suppose we have two H atoms. Now, a hydrogen atom is made up of one proton and one electron (fermions), so it is a boson. Then one could have two hydrogen atoms which are in the exact same state (including position). This...
18. Lagrangian/Stationary-action principle

Hi the text is unfortunately a bit longer, but I have included it anyway to provide all the information. I am not sure if I understood the task b correctly, but I understood it as follows: using the equation ##H(x,\dot{x},t)##, solve the differential equation for ##x(t)##. Once you have...
19. B Principle of Relativity: Classical Physics Example

hi everyone "The principle of relativity: The laws of physics are the same in all inertial reference frames." Is in classical physics The laws of physics aren't the same in all inertial reference frames!? Give an example in classical physics Thanks
20. A Neumann's principle (group theory applied to crystals), Seebeck tensor

I am reading about symmetries in crystals, and my knowledge in the field of group theory is almost nill. I am reading that, in the worst case, the electrical and thermal conductivity tensors can possess, at maximum, 6 different entries rather than 9, thanks to Neumann's principle which states...
21. Theoretical substantiation of the handicap principle

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Handicap_principleThe handicap principle is a controversial hypothesis, possible confirmed by Alan Grafen. I would like to understand his reasoning. A handicap is a harmful thing, like a peacock's tail, that attracts females precisely because it is harmful. Dawkins...
22. Upper bound for first excited state - variational principle

I'm solving problem number 5 from https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/8-05-quantum-physics-ii-fall-2013/resources/mit8_05f13_ps2/. (a) Here I got: $$\beta = \frac{\hbar^{\frac{1}{3}}}{(\alpha m)^\frac{1}{6}}$$ and: $$E = \left ( \frac{\alpha \hbar^4}{m^2} \right )^\frac{1}{3}e$$ (b) Using Scilab I...
23. B Speed of Light in Free Space - Einstein's Second Principle

hello everyone According to Einstein's second principle of relativity: "The principle of the constancy of the speed of light: The speed of light in free space has the same value c in all inertial reference frames" Does free space mean vacuum? Is this principle not valid in the air and the...
24. B Grandfather Paradox & Self Consistency Principle: Are They Different?

https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/a41106690/grandfather-paradox-time-travel/ I’ve been studying the self consistency principle, being the idea in time travel that history (the past) must be conserved. When I read about the grandfather paradox it sounded like the same thing. Are these two...
25. I Questions about a spring and its principle

Summary: I am confused in when to use 1/2 e squared k we studied in class that normally, the extension of the spring is directly proportional to the tension applied and we did this question : what is the work that has to be done for a spring to have an extension of length e as the area of the...

27. A Principle of Virtual Work and the forces that DO NOT do work

In this 2D figure below, I can place: a motor at O a motor at J gravity on each link I can use Hamilton's principle, modified to the principle of virtual work and I can compute the motion of the linkage system. I do not have to account for these force FOUR forces (in this planar problem)...
28. Prove by the principle of induction

(expression given to be proven) check for p(1)... 2=2 substitute (n+n) to And here is the problem, I just can't find a way to continue solving this problem
29. B Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle and determinism

As I understand it the principle states that the more accurately you measure one factor of an object, for example speed, the less you can tell of any other factors, for example position. To me this seems we will every only be able to measure an approximation of reality and thus determinism...
30. I Hamilton's Principle (HP), Lagrangian

I understand the process of the calculus of variations. I accept that a proper Lagrangian for Dynamics is "Kinetic minus potential" energy. I understand it is a principle, the same way F=ma is a law (something one cannot prove, but which works) Still... what do you say to students who say "I...
31. I Questions about Franck-Condon principle

I have some questions on Franck Condon principle: 1. The principle states that if a molecule absorbs a photon of the appropriate energy, we could have both electronic and vibrational transitions and that is more likely to have a vibrational transition between states that have two "similar"...
32. I Hydrostatics: Pascal's principle and ocean depth

Hello everyone! I've been learning about hydrostatics and one thing that I've heard is that the pressure is the same throughout confined incompressible fluids, this is one of the reasons hydraulics work, because when you have the same pressure per square meter, you can change the mechanical...
33. I Weak principle of equivalence (Galileo, Newton)

Many tutorials that explain the weak principle of equivalence (Galileo, Newton) do not clearly state whether the body is affected by the force of inertia during free fall as a result of the gravitational acceleration of the body. In other words, the question is whether, during the free fall of a...
34. I Request for an example of minimum energy principle (thermodynamics)

Summary: Request for an example of minimum energy principle usage The minimum energy principle states that, for a system at constant entropy, volume and other extensive quantities, the internal energy is minimized at equilibrium. Can you give me an example in which, using this principle, is it...
35. I Hamilton’s principle maximises potential energy?

Hamilton’s principle minimises kinetic energy minus potential energy, that is, with a fixed kinetic energy, Hamilton's principle maximises potential energy. What if we consider the limit that the kinetic energy or the mass/the inertia can be ignored then the lagrangian is solely the negative of...
36. Getting geodesic from variational principle

The metric is $$ds^2 = \frac{dr^2 + r^2 d\theta ^2}{r^2-a^2} - \frac{r^2 dr^2}{(r^2-a^2)^2}$$ I need to prove the geodesic is: $$a^2 (\frac{dr}{d \theta})^2 + a^2 r^2 = K r^4$$ My method was to variate the action ##\int\frac{(\frac{dr}{d\theta})^2 + r^2 }{r^2-a^2} - \frac{r^2...
37. Inclusion/Exclusion Principle for 3 events

Below is my attempt at the problem. I used the distributive law and applied to what was given, (A∪B)∪Z which equates to (A∪Z)∩(B∪Z). I then applied the 2 set I/E formula to each union. Since there is an intersection between these two sets I added them. But I end up with 2 P(Z) which doesn't...
38. I Rotating Polarization with Optics: Exploring the Principle

In optics experiments, I often see the following optics configuration to rotate the polarization of an incident linearly-polarized laser beam. The final reflected beam has its polarization rotated by 90 degrees. My question is: 1) Between the quarter plate and the mirror( reflecting surface)...
39. I Linear combination of states with Pauli's principle

If I have two identical particles of ##1/2## spin, for Pauli's exclusion principle all physical states must be antysimmetrical under the exchange of the two particles, so ##\hat{\Pi}|\alpha\rangle=-|\alpha\rangle##. Now, let's say for example this state ##\alpha## is an Hamiltonian eigenfunction...
40. I Proof of Induction Principle starting from N, not from 1

In this video lecture (though I have linked the video at "current time", in case it doesn't; work please see the video at 19:16), the lecturer just works out (he is not explaining anything) the proof of Induction Principle starting from ##N##. Let me give out here what he did: Statement: Let N...
41. I Wilbert Zweistein's Objection to Equivalence Principle

I'd like to share the following competition problem: My first reaction was that the thermometer will be able to measure heating due to the Unruh effect whilst his lab is accelerating.
42. Principle of Virtual Work to the FE method

(I do understand there are many ways to formulate the FE method, but I wish to understand this one.) I understand that Hamilton's Principle is just that: a principle ( a law the recapitulates the equations of motion) I also understand that the Principle of Virtual Work (PVW) is a reformulation...
43. Estimating the Bohr radius from the uncertainty principle

Soo. I think this problem is too direct and easy so I think I got it in wrong way: p=h/r and then plug in the K and V and then we get E=E(r) and get derivative and we have minimum? What do you think? is there sth I am missing?
44. Classical Exploring Gauss Principle of Less Constraints & Gibbs-Apell Equations

In the usual literature about analytical mechanics, I find very little about the Gauss principle of less constraints and the Gibbs-Apell equations. I think the only treatment I've seen on Gauss is given In Lanczos's The variational principle of mechanics". So, I'm looking for introductory and...
45. Understanding the Superposition Principle in Circuit Analysis

When, if ever, is it necessary to use the superposition principle in order to solve a circuit? Can any circuit with multiple independent voltage sources be solved without superposition?
46. A Lagrange-D’Alembert Principle and random ODE

Here is my paper. A criticism and other comments are welcome. Abstract: The Lagrange-D'Alembert Principle is one of the fundamental tools of classical mechanics. We generalize this principle to mechanics-like ODE in Banach spaces. As an application we discuss geodesics in infinite dimensional...
47. I Principle of Stationary Action - Intuition

Principle of stationary action allows us to find equations of motion if we plug appropriate lagrangian into Euler - Lagrange equation. In classical mechanics, this is the difference in kinetic and potential energy of the system. However, how did Lagrange came to the idea that matter behaves...
48. I Entropic effects of the Uncertainty Principle?

Per the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, a particle does not have a precisely defined location. Does such uncertainty contribute to the transfer of thermal energy (i.e. entropy)? Is uncertainty the primary means for the transfer of thermal energy at the quantum level?
49. A Why is the Principle of Equivalence Necessary for GTR?

I am studying the general theory of relativity(GTR). Covariance and the principle of equivalence are foundational pillars for the theory. I can understand the need for covariance but I don't see why the need for the principle of equivalence (POE). What I have seen so far is that the...
50. High Pass Filter Working Principle

A few days ago, I learned to make an AC to DC converter. One question is troubling my mind. How does a High Pass Filter Capacitor work? Going through some websites I got a sketchy idea. As the current after passing through the bridge rectifier comes to capacitor, the capacitor starts charging...