Velocity, Work, and Acceleration

• mohabitar
In summary: So you just need to plug in these values to the kinematics formula and solve for the final speed (which is the speed after getting through the rough floor).In summary, the conversation is discussing a physics problem involving calculating the final speed of an object after going through a rough floor. The equation used is Newton's second law (ΣF = ma) to find the deceleration caused by friction. The distance traveled is 2 m and the initial speed is 7.21 m/s. The final speed can be determined by plugging these values into a kinematics formula.
mohabitar

For number 2, I can't seem to figure it out. I am using the equation from deltaKinetic Energy which is v=sq(2F)(dx))

The F for force I'm using is the spring constant x displacement which is 4886(.447). dx=.447. Take the sqroot of that and you get 44.18, but that's incorrect. I tried so many values that I lost track. Not really sure how I should go about this one?

Hi mohabitar

Try using work = change in kinetic energy.

Ok thanks got this one (7.21 was the answer).
Now, same problem, different question:

This one has stumped me. I tried using the same process as I did for the other one, but I am just not really sure how to factor fraction in there. Am I supposed to find the acceleration of the box during the non-friction area and subtract from it the acceleration during friction to find net acceleration? Ah I honestly don't even know where I can start this one.

mohabitar said:
Ok thanks got this one (7.21 was the answer).
Now, same problem, different question:

This one has stumped me. I tried using the same process as I did for the other one, but I am just not really sure how to factor fraction in there. Am I supposed to find the acceleration of the box during the non-friction area and subtract from it the acceleration during friction to find net acceleration? Ah I honestly don't even know where I can start this one.

No, you got the wrong idea. The block is not accelerating when it has been released from the spring. Instead, it moves with constant speed because there is net force acting on it. The spring force only acting on it when it is attached to it and when the spring is compressed.

So you only need to find the acceleration caused by friction (which is called deceleration). Using Newton's second law, then use kinematics to find the speed

Ok so F[spring]=SpringConstant(Normal Force)=.4(mg)=.4(16)(9.81)=62.78
Then I used the kinematics equation V^2=u^2+2as putting s as 2 and used the above value for a, but that wasnt working out. Am I on the wrong path?

mohabitar said:
Ok so F[spring]=SpringConstant(Normal Force)=.4(mg)=.4(16)(9.81)=62.78
Then I used the kinematics equation V^2=u^2+2as putting s as 2 and used the above value for a, but that wasnt working out. Am I on the wrong path?

That's not the right equation (although maybe you got the same result as the right equation). Using Newton's second law:
ΣF = ma

What is the resultant force acting on the object (in horizontal direction) when it slides through the rough floor?
Don't forget the value of a should be negative when you plug it to kinematic formula.

Still not getting this. What do I use Newtons second law to find? A by friction? So F=ma, I need to find a and I don't know F, so how would I solve for a? And what what delta x be in this situation, just 2? When I use a kinematics equation, will I have an initial speed of 7.21?

Hi mohabitar

Yes, you use Newton's second law to find the deceleration because you need it to find the final speed after getting through the rough floor. The force acting on the object (in horizontal direction) is friction only.

I am not sure what you mean by Δx, but if you mean it is the distance to put in the kinematics formula, yes it is 2 m; and the initial speed is indeed 7.21

What is velocity?

Velocity is a measure of the rate of change of an object's position over time. It is a vector quantity, meaning it has both magnitude (speed) and direction.

What is work?

Work is a measure of the amount of force required to move an object a certain distance. It is calculated by multiplying the force applied to an object by the distance that the object moves in the direction of the force.

What is acceleration?

Acceleration is the rate of change of an object's velocity over time. It is a vector quantity, meaning it has both magnitude (speed) and direction. An object can accelerate if it changes its speed, direction, or both.

How are velocity and acceleration related?

Velocity and acceleration are related in that acceleration is the change in an object's velocity over time. If an object's velocity is changing, it is accelerating. If an object's velocity is constant, then its acceleration is 0.

What is the difference between average and instantaneous velocity?

Average velocity is the total displacement of an object divided by the total time it took to travel that distance. Instantaneous velocity, on the other hand, is the velocity of an object at a specific moment in time. It is calculated by taking the limit of the average velocity as the time interval approaches 0.

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