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Verify that the function is a injective

  1. Nov 11, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    The function is ##\phi " \mathbb{Z}_{12} \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}_{24}##, where the rule is ##\phi ([a]_{12}) = [2a]_{24}##. Verify this is a injection

    2. Relevant equations


    3. The attempt at a solution

    Let ##[x]_{12} ,[y]_{12} \in \mathbb{Z}_{12}## be arbitrary. Suppose that ##\phi([x]_{12}) = \phi( [y]_{12})## is true, then

    ##[2x]_{24} = [2y]_{24}## Two congruence classes are equal iff ##2x \equiv 2y ~(\mod 24)##, which is by definition

    ##2x - 2y = 24k##, where there exists a ##k \in \mathbb{Z}##

    Here the difficulty I am facing. Can I just simply let ##k=0##, which we give me ##x=y##? If so, why?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 11, 2014 #2

    PeroK

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    No. You would have to prove that k = 0.

    Instead, why not simplify ##2x - 2y = 24k##?
     
  4. Nov 11, 2014 #3
    No, you can't just let [itex]k = 0[/itex] (try going through your arguments with [itex]x=12[/itex] and [itex]y=0[/itex]). Remember what you are trying to show: You want to show that the congruence classes of [itex]x[/itex] and [itex]y[/itex] are equal, not [itex]x=y[/itex].
     
  5. Nov 13, 2014 #4
    Oh, heavens. This was much simpler than I thought it was. If I take ##2x - 2y = 24k## and divide by ##2##, then I get ##x-y = 12k##, which would eventually lead to ##[x]_{12} = [y]_{12}##. Therefore, the function is an injection.
     
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