Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

What does it mean to be momentum entangled?

  1. Jun 13, 2012 #1
    what does it mean to be momentum entangled? and how can it improve resolution?

    what does it mean to be momentum entangled? - say for photons
    and
    how can it improve the resolution of an optical microscope?

    Understanding polarization entanglement is easier/familiar - i.e. - the twins have opposite spins.

    in momentum entanglement how is the phase and/or wave-length divided/distributed?
     
    Last edited: Jun 13, 2012
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 13, 2012 #2

    DrChinese

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    When photons come out of a PDC crystal, they are entangled as to frequency and wavelength. This is an analog (more or less) to momentum since their velocity is fixed as c.

    The entanglement is such that frequency(Alice) + frequency(Bob) = fixed amount. Wavelength is essentially the reciprocal of the frequency (times a constant).

    If you know Alice's frequency, you can deduce Bob's. And vice versa. So they are entangled. This may seem obvious, but remember that position commutes with this observable. Once you know Alice's frequency, you make Bob's position indeterminate.
     
  4. Jun 13, 2012 #3
    Great response DrChinese. You covered all the questions well.
    frequency(Alice) + frequency(Bob) = fixed amount = frequency(photon that struck the PDC) - frequency(that is lost due to conversion/interaction?)

    also is frequency (Alice or Bob) indeterminate till measured?

    this could give the illusion that -- frequency is being transferred/distributed/balanced between Alice and Bob at the time of measurement/decoherence

    this strengthens the QE hypothesis (and makes the LHV hypothesis weaker) I guess.

    on a separate note: is frequency quantized?

    so if struck the PDC with a photon having 1 quanta of frequency, we could never have two photons emerging out of the PDC even after trillions of strikes by such photons?
     
    Last edited: Jun 13, 2012
  5. Jun 13, 2012 #4

    Nabeshin

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor

    I suspect you meant doesn't commute.
     
  6. Jun 14, 2012 #5

    DrChinese

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Ah yes, thanks for that. I misspoke myself. :smile:

    They are conjugates so they DON'T commute.
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook




Similar Discussions: What does it mean to be momentum entangled?
  1. What does POVM mean? (Replies: 2)

Loading...