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What does molarity mean in case of weak electrolytes??

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  1. May 23, 2015 #1
    I am really confused about it.Suppose we add 5 moles of acetic acid in 1 litre of water..The molarity of solution will be -(5 moles)/volume of solution?Or it will be -(the number of moles of acetic acid dissociated/dissolved)/volume of solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 24, 2015 #2
    I believe molarity is defined as the number of moles dissolved or otherwise well mixed into solution. Vinegar and water are quite miscible so far I know, so it would be 5 moles/ liter.
     
  4. May 24, 2015 #3

    Borek

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    Staff: Mentor

    Molarity of what?

    Formal concentration (also called analytical concentration) of acetic acid - 5 M.

    Equilibrium concentrations of HAcetate, Acetate-, H+ will be different, you can estimate them to be approximately 4.990 M, 9.34×10-3 M and 9.34×10-3 M respectively. One thing you can be sure about is that [HAcetate] + [Acetate-] = 5 M (this is mass balance of acetic acid).
     
  5. May 25, 2015 #4

    DrDu

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    No, molarity always is the quotient of moles per total volume, so 5 moles of acetic acid and one liter of water give a molarity less than 5 moles/l.
     
  6. May 25, 2015 #5

    Borek

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    Staff: Mentor

    Good point.

    Assuming 1 L of water and 5 moles of acetic acid final solution would be 3.96 M.
     
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