What is the Process of Heating a Hydrocarbon in the Presence of Silicates?

In summary, the process of breaking down a high bp hydrocarbon obtained from crude oil using heat and silicate materials is called cracking. It results in the production of 3 new hydrocarbons, including smaller alkanes and alkenes, and hydrogen. This process is typically done with the naphta fraction and is not considered combustion as no CO2 is produced.
  • #1
Taryn
63
0
1. I have a relatively simple question, but I can't think of the answer.
A high bp hydrocarbon (X) is obtained by the fractional distillation of crude oil. (X) is then heated in the presence of silicate materials. only 3 new hydrocarbons were from this proces.


All I want to know is what is this process called?


We thought maybe a combustion but somehow we don't think that's right coz no CO2 is prodced.

Any help would be awesome thanks!
 
Physics news on Phys.org
  • #2
this is called cracking. it is usually done with the naphta fraction. the large alkane molecules break down into smaller alkanes and alkenes molecules and even hydrogen.
 
  • #3
cheers for that! :)
 

Related to What is the Process of Heating a Hydrocarbon in the Presence of Silicates?

1. What is a hydrocarbon?

A hydrocarbon is a compound made up of hydrogen and carbon atoms. It is the main component of fossil fuels such as petroleum and natural gas.

2. What is the process of heating a hydrocarbon?

The process of heating a hydrocarbon is known as pyrolysis. It involves breaking down the hydrocarbon molecules by applying high temperatures, typically above 400°C, in the absence of oxygen.

3. What are silicates?

Silicates are compounds made up of silicon, oxygen, and other elements such as aluminum, calcium, and magnesium. They are commonly found in rocks and minerals.

4. Why are silicates important in the process of heating a hydrocarbon?

Silicates act as catalysts in the process of heating a hydrocarbon. They help to break down the hydrocarbon molecules into smaller, more reactive compounds, which can then be further processed into useful products such as fuel and chemicals.

5. What are the potential applications of heating a hydrocarbon in the presence of silicates?

The process of heating a hydrocarbon in the presence of silicates has a wide range of applications, including the production of fuels, chemicals, and plastics. It is also used in the manufacturing of various consumer products such as cosmetics, detergents, and pharmaceuticals.

Similar threads

  • Other Physics Topics
Replies
10
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
579
Replies
8
Views
2K
  • General Engineering
Replies
11
Views
2K
Replies
2
Views
2K
  • Materials and Chemical Engineering
Replies
12
Views
2K
  • Biology and Chemistry Homework Help
Replies
5
Views
3K
Replies
4
Views
1K
  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
3
Views
2K
Replies
16
Views
2K
Back
Top