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What's the difference between an analogy and a metaphor?

  1. Jan 14, 2013 #1
    Go for it..
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 14, 2013 #2

    Ryan_m_b

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    Staff: Mentor

  4. Jan 14, 2013 #3
    Nice Job, Ryan. I like that.
     
  5. Jan 14, 2013 #4

    Ryan_m_b

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    Staff: Mentor

    To be a little bit more helpful as I understand it analogy is when one says that X is like Y (even if Y doesn't necessarily possess the trait in question, it's usually poetic) whereas metaphor is when you use a term that has a different meaning to convey the point. E.g.

    "That scientist is as smart as a fox" - analogy

    "She blinded me with science" - metaphor

    And for an added bonus

    "This drink is as cold as ice" - simile, which is similar to an analogy but is more of a direct comparison rather than a figure of speech
     
  6. Jan 14, 2013 #5
    Would both be metaphors, well the first is actually a simile. And everyone knows foxes are cunning!
    Analogies are extended metaphors, to convey a specific point. If it's just a figure of speech it doesn't really qualify.

    An interesting question though. I've never really given it any thought before.
     
  7. Jan 14, 2013 #6

    Pythagorean

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    I don't think that works for a simile does it? It's not novel, drink's can actually be cold. You have to create new meaning with a simile.
     
  8. Jan 14, 2013 #7
    I think you're right. In saying, "This beer is as cold as ice." you are saying the physical temperature of one thing is the same as the physical temperature of another. Two different things aren't being compared. See the difference if you say, "The killer was as cold as ice." There, you're referring to his lack of human emotional responsiveness and comparing it to a physically low temperature. Two different things being compared.

    To turn this into a metaphor we'd simply assert the killer was the thing we're comparing him to: "The killer was a block of ice."
     
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