What is Atomic spectra: Definition and 21 Discussions

The emission spectrum of a chemical element or chemical compound is the spectrum of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation emitted due to an atom or molecule making a transition from a high energy state to a lower energy state. The photon energy of the emitted photon is equal to the energy difference between the two states. There are many possible electron transitions for each atom, and each transition has a specific energy difference. This collection of different transitions, leading to different radiated wavelengths, make up an emission spectrum. Each element's emission spectrum is unique. Therefore, spectroscopy can be used to identify elements in matter of unknown composition. Similarly, the emission spectra of molecules can be used in chemical analysis of substances.

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1. Question on Emission Spectra/Spectral Series | Atomic Physics

(I need help with the 2nd part as I can answer the theory part properly). For E=4 eV we can find the wavelength of emitted photon. E= 4 eV = 6.4087e-19 J Using E= hc/λ we get λ=310 nm (approx) My doubt is that this should fall in the Balmer Series but we know that the lowest wavelength value...
2. I Continuous Spectrum and Energy levels of Electrons (Energy Bands)

My book says that emission spectra are produced when an electron in excited state jump from excited to lower energy states. It also states that solids and liquids produce continuous spectra and it depends upon temperature only (is this black body radiation?). I know, Electrons around a nucleus...
3. I Doubts regarding atomic spectra of mono-electron species

I was studying about atomic spectra of mono-electron species and in the pic it describes the ##4## series (principal, sharp, diffuse and fundamental). However I'm a little confused by the formula.Here my doubts are: Thanks for reading. [1]: [2]...
4. B How Can a Hydrogen Atom Emit Multiple Colors Simultaneously?

If the spectral line of Hydrogen contains four colors, I don’t understand how the electron can jump four times to four different energy levels in the same moment?
5. I Equation for modeling atomic spectra of all atoms

I've seen the equation I think is just for hydrogen. is this just for hydrogen? of course this doesn't return the atomic spectra, it returns the energy. So using E=h*v and Planck's constant. a simple factor of 1/h would return the frequency. right? Energy is directly proportional to frequency...
6. A Emission spectra of a hot body vs. atomic emission spectra

Consider a piece of pure Fe hot enough to have a bright white color (about 2 000 ºC, e.g.) and the characteristic yellow narrow yellow emission of the Na atom. Does the Na yellow band will be present at the thermal spectra of the pure Fe? My guess: Yes.
7. Atomic Spectra of Hydrogen and Mercury

Homework Statement Hi! I have a a question regarding the Atomic Spectra of Hydrogen and Mercury. My problem involves the value of m and Rydberg's constant. I used a spectrometer for this lab and calculated all the necessary angles. Homework Equations See below The Attempt at a Solution...
8. I Distinguishing Blackbody and Atomic Spectra of the Sun

Scientists have measured both the blackbody spectrum and also the atomic spectra of various elements in the Sun. How do they distinguish between the two and filter out the light from either one?
9. NIST Atomic Spectra Database

Hello all, What is mean the Ritz Wavelengths in the NIST Atomic Spectra Database? Why the Ritz or Observed value for some Wavelength are very different? Thanks, Lil
10. Problem on atomic spectra of H-atoms

Homework Statement Although H-atom contains one electron yet we get a number of lines in the spectrum of Hydrogen. Why??
11. Is the Doppler effect for atomic spectra a purely realistic effect?

i am now studying the Doppler effect in a thermal atomic gas If an atom travels in velocity v along x direction at some time, it emits a photon in some direction the momentum of the emitted photon can be well approximated with the free one thus the momentum of the atom after the...
12. Is the Doppler effect for atomic spectra a purely realistic effect?

i am now studying the Doppler effect in a thermal atomic gas If an atom travels in velocity v along x direction at some time, it emits a photon in some direction the momentum of the emitted photon can be well approximated with the free one thus the momentum of the atom after the...
13. Atomic Spectra, transmission of photons

Homework Statement A molecule with angular momentum L and moment of inertia I has a rotational energy that can be written as E=\frac{L^2}{2I}. Assuming that angular momentum is quantized according to Bohr's rule L = n\hbar, find the wavelength of the photons emitted in the n=2 to n=1...
14. How many degenerate quantum states are there in the 3d state of a hydrogen atom?

In the hydrogen atom, an electron is in the 3d state. (i) Find the orbital angular momentum of the electron (in units of n =3, l = n - 1, l = 1. L = [sqrt( l (l + 1) )]hbar therefore L = sqrt(2).hbar (ii) Find the energy of the electron (in eV). En = -13.6ev / n^2. E = - 13.6eV / 9 (iii)...
15. Atomic spectra evidence for relativistic potential

In L. I. Schiff book, one can follow his derivation of the Hamiltonian from Dirac relativistic equation and obtain the following.. \left[\frac{\vec{p}^2}{2m}+V-\frac{\hbar^2}{4m^{2}c^{2}}\frac{dV}{dr}\frac{\partial}{\partial r}+\frac{1}{2m^{2}c^{2}}\frac{1}{r}\frac{dV}{dr}\vec{S}\cdot...
16. Atomic spectra and atomic structure by Gerhard Herzberg

Hi! to everyone on the forum. I am new and did not really know where i should of posted this thread its not homework its just a question i have. A friend of mine asked me a question about a book he read about (atomic spectra and atomic structure by Gerhard Herzberg). Gerhard Herzberg said...
17. Quick Question regarding Atomic spectra

An emission spectrum can contain wavelengths produced when an electron goes from the third to the second leve. So could you see this like in the absorption spectrum? Why?
18. Question on atomic spectra.

I did a spectroscope experiment with a hydrogen discharge tube. So far I got this data: Line 1: Color=Red \lambda(nm)=700 \nu(Hz)=4.2*10^{14} n1=? n2=? \Delta{E}(J)=2.8*10^{-19} E(J)=? This is only the data for the Red line. I figured if i knew how to do this, I'll...
19. How can atomic spectra be only certin frequencies?

I don't know a whole lot about quantum mechanics and there is something that dosen't make sense to me. An atom absorbes radiation in only certin frequencies. Do these frequencies have to be exact? Can they vary over a small range like say 1.000 to 1.001 or do they have to be perfectly exact...
20. Quantum Tunneling and atomic spectra.

Can somebody explain quantum tunneling to me? And the thing about why amplitudes when they are trapped, the energies must choose from a distinct set of values? And why when particles that are totally free to wander will have any energy that they like? Also, why in the atomic spectra, more...
21. How Maxwell's theory of radiation could not explain atomic spectra?

We all know that Maxwell did such a great work for all physicist. BUT, anyone knows that how Maxwell's theory of radiation could not explain atomic spectra?