What is Magnet electromagnet: Definition and 16 Discussions

An electromagnet is a type of magnet in which the magnetic field is produced by an electric current. Electromagnets usually consist of wire wound into a coil. A current through the wire creates a magnetic field which is concentrated in the hole, denoting the center of the coil. The magnetic field disappears when the current is turned off. The wire turns are often wound around a magnetic core made from a ferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic material such as iron; the magnetic core concentrates the magnetic flux and makes a more powerful magnet.
The main advantage of an electromagnet over a permanent magnet is that the magnetic field can be quickly changed by controlling the amount of electric current in the winding. However, unlike a permanent magnet that needs no power, an electromagnet requires a continuous supply of current to maintain the magnetic field.
Electromagnets are widely used as components of other electrical devices, such as motors, generators, electromechanical solenoids, relays, loudspeakers, hard disks, MRI machines, scientific instruments, and magnetic separation equipment. Electromagnets are also employed in industry for picking up and moving heavy iron objects such as scrap iron and steel.

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  1. A

    Electromagnetism - movement of a coil in a magnetic field

    So my idea was that to reach the equilibrium position, the final moment of force has to be 0 (so in the end the forces will “eliminate” each other). And I found the equation Fm=B*I*l*sinα, which should characterize the force, which affects wire with the current in a magnetic field, and Fleming’s...
  2. C

    Which of these magnets should have the strongest strength at 10cm?

    Basically, I need to generate the strongest possible field at 10 cm from a circular magnet, in its central axis. I hesitate about what buying. For example, the following magnet has a large diameter of 90mm and is flat, with a suction of 250 kg. This other magnet has a smaller diameter of...
  3. H

    Work performed by a magnetic field

    Here is a little thought experiment related to magnetism and a perplexing question regarding its physics. Suppose we have a long cylinder of transparent plastic, and we press fit and then cement a circular magnet in one end of the cylinder with its north pole oriented into the cylinder. We also...
  4. A

    Simple experiment with magnets

    I made a little experiment with magnets. I got two small bars of magnets. They obey the usual attraction-repulsion rules by approaching their faces together in various permutation. Accidentally, one of them is broken into two unequal pieces. When I managed to put the two broken pieces side by...
  5. puya

    Magnetization of a Helical coil in a Reservoir of parrafin

    To test an Experimental Model , my advisor said to make this investigation; I have a Reservoir of parrafin, Capacity is 50 liters, Around this Reservoir there is a Helical copper Pipe, I have to magnetize the Reservoir by using Helical coil . Many thanks For your assistance
  6. H

    Calculating the final velocity of a simple electric train

    I am currently in grade 12, and for a physics project (a huge project, which gets assigned to you at the start of the semester and needs to be completed just before exams. You think up your project, make a proposal for it and you prove your hypothesis to be right after a presentation and lab...
  7. V

    Discussion about Altering Automotive Electricity Management

    I'd like to start a thread of thoughts and opinions of a topic that I am considering spending time and money on. Unfortunately, I do not have a very broad knowledge of the engineering intricacies of the topic. I'm really curious if there has been a proposal or workings of a vehicle that uses an...
  8. Scrope

    I Iron bar wrapped with a solenoid

    What is happening within an iron bar/iron core when it is wrapped by a solenoid with current running through the solenoid? Do electrons within the bar get displaced?
  9. R

    Magnetic conductive material but thermally non conductive

    HI, I have application where i need to lift metal plate, 3kg weight, ( 3mmX 15mm), 250degree.C hot, for the period of 1min and put it back. For lifting purpose i am using actuators. As i have no opportunity to make hole in plate i have to use magnet for lifting purpose. I got Electromagnet...
  10. S

    How Does Current Direction Affect Magnetic Field Orientation?

    Homework Statement current in wire is in east to west direction.direction of magneetic field below the line Homework Equations right hand thumb rule The Attempt at a Solution i used the right hand thumb rule to find the direction of magnetic field but the magnetic field comes out in in the...
  11. atommo

    Electron Spin and current-induced magnetic fields

    Hi, I'm currently investigating magnetic fields/their cause. This has inevitably led me to learn all about electrons. Here I want to post my understanding on electron 'spin' so people can correct me if I'm wrong/help others get a better understanding. So I watched this YouTube video for...
  12. V

    Getting the magnetic field as a function of current

    Howdy, So, I'm curious, is there a general relationship between current input into an electromagnetic and the magnetic field that it generates in space? The trivial example is wrapping a wire around a rod, then sending a current through it which causes a magnetic field. My set up is a simple...
  13. alfab

    Why does the speed of the magnet matter in a coil?

    I am currently studying Faraday's law and electromagnets and in class we were told that if you had a coil and say a bar magnet was passed through it the faster the magnetic field was applied to the coil the greater the induced voltage or emf would be. I do not understand why the speed would...
  14. cluelessGUY

    Magnet clamp repelling in coil

    I have a practical question. I want to make a rubber (silicone) hose/plug that is pinched closed by two magnets ( very strong magnets such as ones from a hard drive the Neodymium kind). I want to place then into a coil and when I want the liquid to flow, I want to turn on the coil and have the...
  15. K

    Could Electromagnetic Levitation Create a Feasible Hoverboard Solution?

    Hi, My name is Kendall. After seeing the Back to the Future again, I have been once again fascinated by the hoverboards, as I'm sure many others are also guilty of. A couple hours of research into magnetism later, and I'm still stuck. I have little to no experience with magnetism, but I figure...
  16. T

    How to Design a Donut Electromagnet

    I have an electromagnet device that I am designing and need a bit of help from some of the brilliant people on this site. Here's the problem: I have a disk attached to the end of a shaft and the shaft/disk assembly can move radially (via a spring loaded mechanism). This shaft/disk fits...