What is Population growth: Definition and 44 Discussions

Population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population. Global human population growth amounts to around 83 million annually, or 1.1% per year. The global population has grown from 1 billion in 1800 to 7.9 billion in 2020. The UN projected population to keep growing, and estimates have put the total population at 8.6 billion by mid-2030, 9.8 billion by mid-2050 and 11.2 billion by 2100. However, some academics outside the UN have increasingly developed human population models that account for additional downward pressures on population growth; in such a scenario population would peak before 2100.World human population has been growing since the end of the Black Death, around the year 1350. A mix of technological advancement that improved agricultural productivity and sanitation and medical advancement that reduced mortality have caused a exponential population growth. In some geographies, this has slowed through the process called the demographic transition, where many nations with high standards of living have seen a significant slowing of population growth. This is in direct contrast with less developed contexts, where population growth is still happening.Population growth alongside overconsumption is a key driver of environmental concerns, such as biodiversity loss and climate change, due to resource-intensive human development that exceed planetary boundaries. International policy focused on mitigating the impact of human population growth is concentrated in the Sustainable Development Goals which seek to improve the standard of living globally while reducing the impact of society on the environment.

View More On Wikipedia.org
  1. karush

    MHB How does the population of a southern city follow the exponential law?

    $\tiny{\textbf{6.8.7}}$ Kiaser HS Population Growth The population of a southern city follows the exponential law (a) If N is the population of the city and t is the time in years, express N as a function of t.$N(t)=N_0e^{kt}$ (b) If the population doubled in size over an 18-month period and...
  2. karush

    MHB 2.7.263 AP calculu Exam Population growth

    image to avoid typos Ok I'm clueless,
  3. A

    MHB Calc Male & Female Cattle Pop Growth Rates: 30 Heifers, 100% Fert/Surv

    I want to estimate the number of male and female cattle produced over a period of time (say, five years and ten years) from an initial stock of 30 heifers, all 18 months of age at which age they are first joined (mated). Assume that the first calf is born when the mother is 27 months old...
  4. T

    MHB City Population Growth: A Unique Algebra Problem

    Hey, I found an interesting algebra problem combined with log. It was quite an unique one so I wanted to share it with you guys. Problem: There is a city where the population increases at a constant rate. At the end of 2016, the population of the city was 2 times larger than the population...
  5. FritoTaco

    How Does the Logistic Equation Model the Growth of the Pacific Halibut Biomass?

    Homework Statement The Pacific halibut fishery has been modeled by the differential equation. \displaystyle\dfrac{dy}{dt}=ky\left(1-\dfrac{y}{M} \right) where y(t) is the biomass (the total mass of the members of the population) in kilograms at time t (measured in years), the carrying...
  6. patrickmoloney

    What is the solution for calculating population growth with mice?

    Homework Statement Hey guys I'm struggling to find much information of modelling single species population dynamics that relates to this question. A question like this is going to be coming up in my final exam and I need to be able to solve it. I'm struggling to even know where to start. I'm...
  7. Math Henry

    How Long Until a Cursed Civilization's Population Reaches Zero?

    Homework Statement [/B] Summarizing: two civilizations hate each other, one of the civilizations throws a curse at the second. The second civilization succumbs to chaos and has a change in Population each week of ΔP= -√P. That is: Pn = Pn-1-√Pn-1 Homework Equations [/B] Considering that the...
  8. H

    News Is unrestrained population growth ethical....

    Couldn't figure a better thread title but my question is as follows. Intro... I was bought up to think that any suggestion to limit population growth from a state level is like the most evil suggestion. Given that science will prolly always find ways to feed people I would like to leave food...
  9. NanaToru

    Different types of exponential growth equations?

    Homework Statement A bacteria culture initially contanis 100 cells and grows at a rate proportional to its size. After an hour the population has increased to 420. a. Find an expression for the number of bacteria after t hours. b. find the number of bacteria after 3 hours c. find the rate of...
  10. Christo

    How Is Doubling Time Calculated in Population Growth Models?

    1. The population of a certain country grows according to the formula: N = N0e^kt Where N is the number of people (in millions) after t years, N0 is the initial number of people (in millions) and k = 1/20 ln 5/4. Calculate the doubling time of this population. Leave your answer in terms of ln...
  11. N

    Population growth problem

    1. The Problem In the mythical country of Myland, the population recently reached 10 million. At that time, a popular news magazine predicted that with an average yearly growth rate of 2%, the population would be 20 million in 50 years. How does this value (18 million) compare to the value...
  12. I

    MHB Population Growth: US Carrying Capacity & Predictions

    i suck at these kind of problems #1 Suppose a population grows according to a logistic model with initial population 1000 and carrying capacity 10000. if the population grows to 2500 after one year, what will the population be after another three years.#2 a. make a guess as to the carrying...
  13. paulmdrdo

    MHB Differential equation population growth problem

    A bacterial population B is known to have a rate of growth proportional to B itself. If between noon and 2pm the population triples, at what time no controls being exerted, should B becomes 100 times? what it was at noon? using this formula $\displaystyle P(t) \;=\;P_oe^{kt}$ please help me...
  14. MarkFL

    MHB Answer αℓєєиα♥'s Logistic Population Growth Model Q on Yahoo! Answers

    αℓєєиα♥'s question at Yahoo! Answers regarding the logistic population growth model Here is the question: I have posted a link there to this topic so the OP can see my work.
  15. N

    Modeling Population Growth [dP/dt = k P - A P2 - h]

    Does anyone know how to solve dP/dt = k P - A P2 - h for P. I understand partial fractions are needed and I have already solved dP/dt = k P - A P2. Is anyone able to solve it, Cheers NZBRU.
  16. C

    Modeling Population Growth with Constraints: A Scientific Approach

    Homework Statement I'm trying to model how a population would grow wrt the following constraints: 1. Number of people within the population 2. How many people each person of the population informs 3. Probability of each person of the population informing a member outside the population...
  17. M

    Using e to determine population growth?

    Homework Statement A population started at 10,000 in 1900. The population doubles every 50 years. What was the population in 2000? Homework Equations Q(time) = Q(initial)*e(rate)(time) The Attempt at a Solution I was able to come up with the answer using the standard growth...
  18. MathWarrior

    Population Growth Differential Equations

    Homework Statement A biologist prepares a culture. After 1 day of growth the biologist counts 1000 cells. After 2 days he counts 3000. Assuming a Malthusian model what is the reproduction rate and how many cells were present initially. Homework Equations P(t) = Ce^{rt} The...
  19. G

    Understanding the Impact of Fishing on Fish Population Growth

    Hey everyone, I'm new here and wanted to see if I've gotten this question right, thanks in advance. 1. Consider a lake that is stocked with walleye pike and the population of pike is governed by the logistic equation: P' = 0.1P(1-P/10) where time is measured in days and P in thousands of...
  20. S

    Differential Equations - Population Growth

    Would anyone be able to go through some of the steps for these problems? 1. The birth rate in a state is 2% per year and the death rate is 1.3% per year. The current population of the state is 8,000,000. a) Write a differential equation which models the population of the state. Be sure to...
  21. P

    Simple population growth problem

    Homework Statement At the beginning of the Gold Rush, the population of Coyote Gulch, Arizona was 365. From then on, the population would have grown by a factor of e each year, except for the high rate of "accidental" death, amounting to one victim per day among every 100 citizens. By solving...
  22. J

    Population growth carrying capacity on a logistic model

    Homework Statement Here is the equation I am given. I'm supposed to find the carrying capacity. dp/dt=.05P-6.6666667e-5P^2 I know the general solution is rp-rp^2/k with k=carrying capacity, but the addition of the middle term has thrown me off. The Attempt at a Solution I tried...
  23. S

    Population Growth with Finite Resources:

    Homework Statement Homework Equations <see above>The Attempt at a Solution I'm a bit unsure how to set this up to solve for a solution. Any advice? Its obviously a separable differential equation. But I'm unsure what it is I'm looking for. This looks different then some population...
  24. M

    Calculating and Plotting ln World Population: 1900-1980

    For the period from 1900 to 1980, calculate the log base e (ln) of the world population values and plot these values on the vertical axis against the year on the horiontal axis. Draw the best straight line you can through these points and determine its slope, k. What is the exponential...
  25. M

    World Population Growth: When Will 11 Billion Be Reached?

    Homework Statement The population of the world was 5.7 billion people in 1995 and 6.2 billion in 2008. Assuming exponential growth by what year will the population reach 11 billion? The Attempt at a Solution i started by trying to find R but am not sure the my way is right...
  26. C

    What is the Solution to a Population Growth Differential Equation?

    Homework Statement Consider a population whose number we denote by P . Suppose that b is the average number of births per capita per year andd is the average number of deaths per capita per year. Then the rate of change of the population is given by the following differential equation...
  27. T

    Population growth using logarithims

    Homework Statement A culture begins with 100,000 bacteria and grows to 125,000 bacteria after 20 min. What is the doubling period to the nearest minute? Homework Equations Current=Original(rate)^time The Attempt at a Solution I can get make the first part out...
  28. X

    Predicting Population Growth in 1900 with Stewart 275/05

    I have this delete s275x05.txt; diary s275x05.txt clear; clc; close all; echo on % % Stewart 275/05 % year=[0:1]; % n+1 = year + 50 pop=[728 906]; p=polyfit(year,log(pop),2) plot(year,pop,'o','MarkerFaceColor','r') hold on x=[0:0.01:6]; y=exp(polyval(p,x)); plot(x,y) hold on %part...
  29. S

    What is the Growth Rate Constant for Population Growth?

    Homework Statement http://img14.imageshack.us/img14/1286/99892583.jpg Homework Equations in the pictureThe Attempt at a Solution so i know that p(0)e^2k = 950 p(0)e^8k = 9500 how do i find k? for p(0) i get 440.950939 is that right? btw. ignore the answers in the picture
  30. J

    Exponential Population Growth: 1970-1980

    Homework Statement The population of a country is growing exponentially. The population in millions was 120 in 1970 and 150 in 1980. (a) What is the population t years after 1970? (b) How long does it take the population to double? (c) When will the population be 400 million...
  31. R

    Discover the Constant Relative Rate of Population Growth: C=50.25 and k=0.0359

    A population grows at a constant relative rate. After 10 months the population grows to 72, and after 18 months the population grows to 96. Find C and k. the answer I got was c=50.25 and k=.0359 can somebody just double check for me? I don't know if the method I was used was correct.
  32. C

    Solving Population Growth Diff Eq: Is My Approach Faulty?

    I am trying to model the growth of a population which replicates at a rate of 160% every four hours. Also 50 000 members die every hour. so t denoting time in hours, P denoting the population, k being 0.4 I wrote: dP/dt=kp-50 000 *t Is my approach to solving the differential faulty...
  33. M

    How Does Bacterial Population Change Over Time?

    i guess I am trying to find the relationship between population growth and time. bacteria population is 1000 during time 0minutes. bacteria p.: 2000 time: 30 minutes bacteria p.: 4000 time: 60 minutes bacteria p.: 8000 time: 90 minutes bacteria p.:16000 time: 120 minutes...
  34. N

    Malthus' Principle of Population Growth: Solving a Differential Equation

    Malthus' principle of population growth can be written as the differential equation y'=ky where y(t) is the population t years after the initial measurement and k is the growth constant. The solution to this differential equation is given by y(t)=Ae^{kt} where A is the initial...
  35. F

    Can Anyone Help with Calculating Population Growth?

    Can anyone tell me how to calculate population growth. my book doesn't tell me how to do that. is the formula rN=dN/dt
  36. A

    How Do We Model Population Growth with Age-Specific Birth and Death Rates?

    The Problem: Consider a species in which no individuals live beyond 3 years. Divide the population into four age groups labelled by n = 0,1,2 and 3. Assume that only the second and third groups can reproduce. For each group n let bn denote the birthrate and d_n the death rate. Find a matrix A...
  37. K

    A Model of Human Population Growth: Is a Breaking Point Coming?

    i was just wondering abt this thing for a while... the total no. of human beings are increasing over the decades...which means some %ge of the Earth's matter is getting converted in the form of humans...suppose if the population goes on increasing, then theoretically there should be only humans...
  38. B

    Differential equations - population growth models

    The initial mass of a species of fish in a lake is 7 million tonnes. The mass of fish, if left alone, would increase at a rate proportional to the mass, with a proportionality constant of 2/year. However, commercial fishing removes fish mass at a constant rate of 15 million tonnes per year...
  39. Z

    Solve 1/P*dP/dt = b+aP for Population Growth

    I am quite sure the first approach is to use partial fractions but I am unclear how to finish this equation 1/P*dP/dt=b+aP
  40. G

    Solving Diff. Equations: Population Growth & Changes

    Hello I am having major difficulties with two Differential equation. 1. If I have the equation P=2000/(1+9e^.06t). where p=population and t=time. How do I work out when the population is growing the fastest? To work this question out do I just make t the subject and diff twice and let it...
  41. P

    Population Growth - Bacteria Culture at 300 to 30000 in 4.32 Hrs

    A bacteria culture starts with 300 bacteria and grows at a rate proportional to its size. After 3 hours, there are 9000 bacteria A.) Find an expression for the number of bacteria after t hours. for this part, i got 300*e^{1.133732*t} B.) Find the number of bacteria after 4 hours. well...
  42. A

    How Does Wolf Population Growth Impact Moose Numbers?

    The population of the wolves influences the change in population of the mooses. When the population of the wolves increase, the mooses' population also increase. From the population growth formula of the wolves delta N/delta t = rN(K-N)/K which factor affects the population of the mooses...
  43. C

    Fish Pond Population Growth: Is a Constant?

    Alright, my teacher the sadist gave us an assignment over the holidays, and so far, everyone in my class has gotten all but this. The equation is representative of the population growth of fish in a fish pond. p= m / 1+ae to the -kt p is the intial population, m the carrying capacity...
  44. J

    What Will the Population Be in 1997 Based on Exponential Growth?

    The following question is from a textbook..and I can't seem to solve it. Can someone help. --============================== The population of a midwestern city follows the exponential law. If the population decreased from 900,000 to 800,000 from 1993 to 1995, what will the population be in 1997?