What is Sports: Definition and 78 Discussions

Sport pertains to any form of competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cases, entertainment to spectators. Sports can, through casual or organized participation, improve one's physical health. Hundreds of sports exist, from those between single contestants, through to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants, either in teams or competing as individuals. In certain sports such as racing, many contestants may compete, simultaneously or consecutively, with one winner; in others, the contest (a match) is between two sides, each attempting to exceed the other. Some sports allow a "tie" or "draw", in which there is no single winner; others provide tie-breaking methods to ensure one winner and one loser. A number of contests may be arranged in a tournament producing a champion. Many sports leagues make an annual champion by arranging games in a regular sports season, followed in some cases by playoffs.
Sport is generally recognised as system of activities based in physical athleticism or physical dexterity, with major competitions such as the Olympic Games admitting only sports meeting this definition. Other organisations, such as the Council of Europe, preclude activities without a physical element from classification as sports. However, a number of competitive, but non-physical, activities claim recognition as mind sports. The International Olympic Committee (through ARISF) recognises both chess and bridge as bona fide sports, and SportAccord, the international sports federation association, recognises five non-physical sports: bridge, chess, draughts (checkers), Go and xiangqi, and limits the number of mind games which can be admitted as sports.Sport is usually governed by a set of rules or customs, which serve to ensure fair competition, and allow consistent adjudication of the winner. Winning can be determined by physical events such as scoring goals or crossing a line first. It can also be determined by judges who are scoring elements of the sporting performance, including objective or subjective measures such as technical performance or artistic impression.
Records of performance are often kept, and for popular sports, this information may be widely announced or reported in sport news. Sport is also a major source of entertainment for non-participants, with spectator sport drawing large crowds to sport venues, and reaching wider audiences through broadcasting. Sport betting is in some cases severely regulated, and in some cases is central to the sport.
According to A.T. Kearney, a consultancy, the global sporting industry is worth up to $620 billion as of 2013. The world's most accessible and practised sport is running, while association football is the most popular spectator sport.

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  1. jedishrfu

    When an Athlete Throws His Javalin A Meter Too Far

    In this video, the history of championship javelin throws is discussed, as well as how the sports authorities kept changing their design to prevent distant throws and subsequently rewriting sports history.
  2. DaveC426913

    You sports people: methods for qualifying (for darts, in this case)

    I am organizing the darts tourney for about the fifth straight year. We play once a week. This year there are about 40 players. (10 teams of 40 players each, because eight teams of 5 players each makes for a slow game). We want to have fair teams, and I've been pretty bad at judging skill...
  3. hilbert2

    Medical Nootropics that improve motor reaction time

    Spearmint extract and lemon balm have an effect of making you faster in ball games and martial arts, not only improving mental cognition. https://www.nutritionaloutlook.com/view/nootropic-spearmint-extract-may-improve-reactive-agility-according-new-study The active compound in it seems to be...
  4. A

    I How can you make a free body diagram for someone running then sliding?

    Let's say you are riding a bike very fast, and then you sharply turn into a slide (where the bike is sliding perfectly sideways). I'm trying to calculate the angle that the bike would be leaning at, but I'm having trouble creating the free body diagram. Right now I have the normal force and...
  5. shivajikobardan

    MHB Calculating Total Marks Weightage for Exams, Sports and Activities

    The solution code is like this-: ACTIVITIES_WEIGHTAGE=30.0 SPORTS_WEIGHTAGE=20.0 EXAMS_WEIGHTAGE=50.0 EXAMS_TOTAL=200.0 ACTIVITIES_TOTAL=60.0 SPORTS_TOTAL=50.0 exam_score1=int(input("Enter marks in first examinations out of 100"))...
  6. R

    How to interpret the center of aero forces on a sports car?

    Hello. I am working on a physics project for a simulation title and have stumbled upon on an interesting challenge. Below is the example from wind tunnel data of a Dodge Viper GTS sports car. Wheelbase: 2,44m Lift front axle: 54kg Negative lift rear axle: 26kg Can somebody please explain to...
  7. F

    How do atheletes sustain high power output, physiologically?

    I am ~180lbs and have been lifting weights for about 12 years straight. I have also been running 3-4 times per week for the last 8 ish years. I have recently gotten into cycling, and noticed at the gym on the Schwinn "spin" bike, I will have peaks of around 400-500 watts, but it's definitely...
  8. Lactobacillales

    Moment of impact in sports, what's really going on?

    Hello Physics Forums, I enjoy playing pool, my knowledge of physics is almost nonexistent, so I apologize in advance for my ignorance. In a nutshell, I would like to understand how the hardness of a pool tip effects energy transfer in that brief moment of impact when a pool cue tip hits the...
  9. bagasme

    Mastering a British English Accent for Sport Commentatory

    Hello, When I watched live matches of football (soccer) leagues and MotoGP, live commentators often speak British accent. If I want to be live sport commentators, will mastering British accent (RP) be helpful, assuming that many commentators speak RP and I have taken ESL course? Cheers, Bagas
  10. A

    MHB Counting Problem: In a school 315 girls play at least one sports

    In a school 315 girls play at least one sport. 100 play a fall sport, 150 play a winter sport, and 200 play a spring sport. If 75 girls play exactly 2 sports, how many play three?
  11. Demystifier

    Nerds and Sports: The Unexpected Connection

    Nerds are usually considered bad in sports. But in some sports, they seem to be in fact better than average population. For instance, it seems to me that they like mountaineering and climbing more than average population. What are your experiences?
  12. R

    MHB Ring vs. Field: Comparing Two Common Sports Venues

    What are the differences between ring and field? It's for an article that I write.
  13. G

    Chemistry 35yo combustion chemistry PhD, free time and still no plan

    Hi there, TL/DR - I have a community college job with a sufficient salary. Should I be happy with that + freetime or should I try to get a job which really uses my PhD? If I go with happy freetime option, are any of the projects I propose interesting AND feasible? If I am too lazy to follow...
  14. J

    The Physics of Sports Racket Tension

    Hi, I am interested to find out the answer to whether high tension or low tension strings on badminton/squash rackets give more power/force. There are so many conflicting sources on the internet I wanted to see if it can be answered in a concrete way by physics. So, some sources are saying that...
  15. russ_watters

    Fox Sports Ends Print -- the Death of Sports Reporting?

    Interesting little development in [sports] media: Fox Sports, which was my go-to for sports reporting has fired all 20 of its writers (seems like a really small number...) to focus entirely on video. I noticed this a week ago when I went looking for commentary on the NBA draft (Philly had a...
  16. G

    Exploring Transhumanism Through Sports: Neuralink Experiences

    I am working on a story, one of the topics it discovers is transhumanism. What do you think about the following part describes watching sport with neuralink? "She watched the dronecatcher match. Many possible viewpoints was offered, she decided to see and feel things through a favorite player...
  17. J

    Biology Best Colleges for Sports Medicine

    Hello, I want to do a masters degree in sports medicine. please suggest me some colleges like http://www.scuhs.edu/academics/atce/residencies/chiropractic-sports-medicine/ Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated.
  18. K

    Analysis of tennis string tension

    I have a decent background in physics, but something that has always confused me is how to think about how the tension of the string in a tennis racquet affects how the ball leaves the strings. For example, the traditional lore in tennis is that tauter strings will give more control, whereas...
  19. A

    Effects of sports bra 24/7 on breast fat location

    i've been wearing a light impact sports bra in place of a normal bra for the past few months, since they are comfortable: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B004NPTV2G/?tag=pfamazon01-20 But I've noticed that my breasts when bare have been shifting to the sides (i'm thinking that it's because the bra...
  20. A

    MHB Help with a sports question

    I am a writer trying to calculate possible outcomes in sports - specifically, relating to the NHL: There are 30 teams in the league, my questions are: All else being equal (ie. random draw), what are the chances of all 7 Canadian NHL franchises finishing in the last fourteen -meaning they're...
  21. M

    Would this work to decrease air resistance in sports cars?

    Okay so here is my idea, not really sure how well (if at all) it would work but I am wondering if it would be possible (assuming battery technology is good enough) to ionise air in front of a formula 1 car (or plane or whatever) giving it a charge (like the way lightning works) , then creating...
  22. L

    I'm Just thinking -- I'm very interested in doing something with sports medicine

    Hey I'm a grade 9 student and I'm very interested in doing something with sports medicine. I don't know what I want to do for sure yet but I'm thinking about becoming a physiotherapist. I not a very high grade scorer my grades are at a average but some are a bit over. What grade percent would I...
  23. icystrike

    Winning the Weekly Sports Club Draw

    Homework Statement 23 One fund-raising activity of a particular sports club is a weekly draw. Participants choose two different numbers between 1 and 15 inclusive. When the draw is made, two numbers between 1 and 15 inclusive are selected at random. The prize money is shared by anyone who has...
  24. MAAntonius

    Anatomy/Physiology - Application and Math for weightlifting and barbell sports

    Hey all, This seems like a better venue than almost any to make this inquiry. I adore weightlifting and barbell sport, and find anatomy and the applied use of ergonomics very interesting as a rather serious recreational musician as well. I love to discover the "why" behind certain postures...
  25. ynon

    Hello, optometrist with interest in all sciences. O.D.

    70 yr. old, university and graduate courses in physics, mostly optics. O.D. degree. Many interests and very active. Proud of my Neanderthal cousins and Grandma Lucy.
  26. D

    Sorting/shuffling machine for trading cards (sports, Magic+)

    I work with a company that buys and sells millions of trading cards every year but the majority of these are sold for fractions of a penny if they're sold at all. From what I can see there are two options for this company to get more out of these cards, both of which are incredibly...
  27. I

    I need an essay question about sports aerodynamics

    I have a physics essay coming up with the subject of the effect of aerodynamics on projectiles in sports. Does anyone have a good question for it? Thanks!
  28. jedishrfu

    Sports Physics and the Long Jump

    An interesting article on long jump physics http://www.wired.com/2015/02/physics-record-breaking-long-jump/
  29. P

    How Long Does It Take for Electro-Fiasco I to Travel 1.0 km from Start to Stop?

    Homework Statement A sportscar, Electro-Fiasco I, can accelerate uniformly to 100 km/h in 3.5 s. Its maximum braking rate cannot exceed 0.7g. What is the minimum time required to go 1.0 km, assuming it begins and ends at rest? Homework Equations $$\Delta x = \int_{t_1}^{t_2} v(t) dt$$ The...
  30. Greg Bernhardt

    Inside the Football Factory - Education, Sports and Kids

    Watching this video swirled a lot of thoughts and emotions in my mind. After the UNC scandal, it all makes more sense. In my mind we are completely selling these kids out. The video brags about the colleges some kids get recruited for, yet it doesn't talk about how many get drafted. So the kids...
  31. A

    Accuracy of timing in sports (Olympic Games)

    Hello all, If you have been watching the olympic games lately you could have seen that in the past week it has occurred twice that an athlete won (and another lost) a gold medal by a time difference of a few 1000th of a second. Both occurrences where in speed skating (i.e. the 500m and 1500m...
  32. Simon Bridge

    Rod Cross' collisions, sports balls, and silly putty

    A surprising find looking for something else: http://www.physics.usyd.edu.au/~cross/ Somewhat extensive notes on various small-ball sports physics - including material on collision physics and a neat vid of a falling slinky. I've mined: Ball bounce for comparative data for experiments...
  33. H

    Calculating Spring Rates for Rear Wheel Drive Sports Car

    Homework Statement A rear wheel Drive Sports car has the following specifications The design conditions are that the maximum front ride frequency must be 3.2 Hz and that the rear ride frequency must be at least 10% less than the front. Total Mass 850kg Weight Distribution 45%Front Unsprung Mass...
  34. tsuwal

    Books on physics applied to sports

    Hello guys, Check out this book: https://www.amazon.com/dp/0393063410/?tag=pfamazon01-20 Do you any other good book on the subject?
  35. J

    Projecting Win Probabilities in Fantasy Sports

    So, I made it to the finals for my fantasy football league. The winner receives $100 and the runner-up $10 (maybe disregard this runner-up reward for simplification). I wanted to know how to calculate an offer to both teams, based upon the probability of winning, such that any risk-neutral...
  36. C

    Measuring Movement and Distances in Sports: How Does It Work?

    How are distances covered, medium speeds of players etc measured in sports matches? I know the system has on its basis a network of cameras that cover the hole field, but: How is movement tracked? How are players distinguished? Thank you Regards
  37. H

    Constant acceleration of sports car

    Homework Statement You are driving your new sports car at a velocity of 90km/hr , when you suddenly see a dog step into the road 50m ahead . You hit the breaks hard to get maximum deceleration of 7.5m/s² . Homework Equations i)How far will you go before stopping? ii)Can you...
  38. A

    If an atom was scaled up to the size of a sports oval with a diameter of 150m ?

    How big would the nucleus be? A grain of sand (0.1cm diameter) A marble (1cm diameter) It's a grain of sand right(?); since the relationship between the diameter of an atom and its nucleus is 100,000 to 1. 150/0.001= 150,000
  39. A

    Sports in Rotational Artificial Gravity

    This is a spoiler for all Artificial gravity space crafts. If somebody thinks that he can do whatever he can on earth, on the Space Craft, then here is bad news: No football, no soccer, no cricket, no birds can exist on the craft without confusion. :confused: Here is why: A projectile...
  40. T

    Are left handed people faster in sports

    i have read an article a long time ago about left handed people being faster than right handed people in sports. it was because the impulses received from sensory neurons end up in the one hemisphere in the brain and has to pass to the other one then a message is sent to motor neurons in...
  41. C

    Does anyone here watch/play sports?

    If yes, which ones?
  42. S

    Assignment about Extreme Sports

    Homework Statement I'm writing an assignment about Extreme Sports, including Skydiving and Bungee Jump, and since I'm not that good at physics, I was hoping that maybe some of you guys could help me! I am to analyze a skydiver, and chop the fall into phases, and use both math and physics...
  43. T

    Sports question. Team Race to 6 points chances

    Was hoping someone might be able to assist in this problem Scenario is have a American football game with two team A and team B. Am trying to work out the probability of each team getting to 6 points first, from the following infomation: Let A be the event team A scores equal to or more...
  44. A

    Sports on the Moon: Football, Basketball, Soccer?

    Which of these 3 sports will be the hardest or the easiest to play on the moon? Basketball, Soccer or Football? I personally think Football would be the hardest and Baseball the easiest but what do you think?
  45. D

    Sports / Community Service / Interest Groups

    I would like to know how much weightage is taken into account for activities outside class, when applying for a university scholarship... Are sports activities given preference over, for example, science interest groups such as astronomy? What advantage does multiple club memberships hold? Is...
  46. russ_watters

    Why is the media biased against certain sports teams?

    Ok, I'm kidding...or am I? http://msn.foxsports.com/nhl/story/boston-bruins-fail-against-flyers-in-game-7-051410 Why doesn't that title say "Flyers complete epic comeback and win Game 7"? Must be a Boston liberal thing. Wait...but that's Fox sports!? Whatever. Epic. Lets. Go. Flyers!
  47. A

    Sports Car Acceleration Question

    Homework Statement A sports car moving at constant speed travels 110m in 5.0s. If it then brakes and comes to a stop in 4.0s. what is its acceleration in m/s^2? Express the answer in terms of "g's." where 1.00 g = 9.80 m/s^2. Homework Equations I thought about using the equation a=v/t...
  48. T

    Discover the Power of 1.8L Turbo Engine in Our New Sports Car - Details Inside!

    URGENT Help! sports car systems A new sports car has the following specifications and performance when fitted with 1 1.8 litre, 4 cylinder, 16 valve double overhead cam , turbocharged engine. Maximum Power: 190bhp at 7800rpm Max Speed : 140mph (level road, still air) Mass = 1200kg Chassis...
  49. D

    Average Power of 1000 kg Sports Car from 0 to 25 m/s

    A 1000 kg sports car accelerates from zero to 25 m/s in 7.50 s. What is the average power delivered by the automobile engine?
  50. S

    3 basic Sports & Physics problems

    Homework Statement 1. If you are driving 70 mi/hr and you look to the side for 2 seconds, how far did you travel during this inattentive period? 2. A pilot determines that his plane can accelerate at a rate of 10,000 mi/hr². If the runway is .5 miles long and he must be traveling at 100...