- #1

starstruck_

- 185

- 8

## Homework Statement

A school playground has a carousel, which is simply a circular platform that can rotate around its center axis with negligible friction. This carousel has radius r=1.6 m and rotational inertia I= 177m^2kg. Suppose you are standing beside the carousel which is already spinning at w=0.47 revolutions per second, and then you suddenly sit on it, at the outer edge. Your mass is m= 98 kg.

(a) Calculate the new angular speed.

(b) Calculate the change in kinetic energy of the carousel.

(c) Calculate your change in kinetic energy.

## Homework Equations

L= Iw

I = mr^2

Rotational kinetic energy: Krotational =1/2 Iw^2

## The Attempt at a Solution

I know that angular momentum is conserved so I can use that to solve for the new angular velocity.

L1= L2

L1 = Iw

L2 = (I +mr^2)wnew I am using I +mr^2 for the new inertia because when you sit down, there is rotational inertia for you added onto the rotational inertia that the carousel already had. That multiplied by the new angular velocity will give you angular momentum.

Since angular momentum is conserved, L1= L2, and so, Iw = (1+ mr^2)wnew

therefore, Iw/(1_mr^2) = wnew

for kinetic energy, there is only rotational kinetic energy present since the carousel is rotating in place.

K1 = 1/2Iw^2

K2 = 1/2 (I+ mr^2)wnew^2

change = 1/2 (1+ mr^2)wnew^2 - 1/2Iw^2 Your change in kinetic energy : This, I'm not really sure about - I want to say that your change in kinetic energy would equal to the kinetic energy that the carousel is moving at once you sit on it . We do these questions online and in steps - we interpret the question ( where I determined that angular momentum is conserved) and if you don't get a step right, it won't let you go to the next step. After interpret, is develop where you develop your formulas using existing formulas - which is what I am on right now. It won't accept my answers and I'm not sure what is wrong, any help would be appreciated! Thanks :)

EDIT: I asked a friend and she ended up doing :

change = 1/2 Iwnew^2 - 1/2Iw^2

Instead of

change = 1/2 (1+ mr^2)wnew^2 - 1/2Iw^2 Not sure why though?

she used 1/2mr^2wnew^2 -didn’t add the rotational inertia of the carousel, just the rotational inertia of you.