# Assembly language problem [repost using template :D]

## Homework Statement

given that f,g,h,i and j are assigned to registers s0,s1,s2,s3 and s4
and the base addresses for the arrays A,B are in s6,s7

convert this C statement to assemply language: B[8] = A[i-j];

none

## The Attempt at a Solution

image attached

i attached both manual solutions and my answers, i can't understand the second line in his, he is adding the address of array A with variable f, while he should multiply f by 4 to get the offset

## Homework Statement

given that f,g,h,i and j are assigned to registers s0,s1,s2,s3 and s4
and the base addresses for the arrays A,B are in s6,s7

convert this C statement to assemply language: B[8] = A[i-j];

none

## The Attempt at a Solution

image attached

i attached both manual solutions and my answers, i can't understand the second line in his, he is adding the address of array A with variable f, while he should multiply f by 4 to get the offset

#### Attachments

• answ.JPG
4.5 KB · Views: 335
What is the array type?

What is the array type?
32-bit integers

32-bit integers

Between that and what jedishrfu said you should be able to figure out why its multiplied by 4 :)

jedishrfu
In C code when you add one to pointer of a given type it will handle the size of the element.

http://www.tutorialspoint.com/cprogramming/c_pointer_arithmetic.htm
you mean mean if i added a number to a reference it automatically multiply it by the size
i know about pointers arithmetic from previous programming course, didn't think about it .. thanks !

Between that and what jedishrfu said you should be able to figure out why its multiplied by 4 :)
i know why do we multiply by 4, i was asking why the manual solution didn't :)

Mark44
Mentor
you mean mean if i added a number to a reference it automatically multiply it by the size
i know about pointers arithmetic from previous programming course, didn't think about it .. thanks !
In C and C++, if you add a number to a pointer, the result of the addition depends on the type of the pointer. So, adding 1 to an int pointer actually results in an address 4 bytes higher in memory than the address in the pointer. Adding 1 to a double pointer results in an address 8 bytes higher in memory. Adding 1 to a char pointer results in an address 1 byte higher in memory.

Subtracting a number from a pointer works in a similar fashion, but results in addresses that are lower in memory.

In contrast, when you write assembly code you have to do those extra multiplications yourself.

In C and C++, if you add a number to a pointer, the result of the addition depends on the type of the pointer. So, adding 1 to an int pointer actually results in an address 4 bytes higher in memory than the address in the pointer. Adding 1 to a double pointer results in an address 8 bytes higher in memory. Adding 1 to a char pointer results in an address 1 byte higher in memory.

Subtracting a number from a pointer works in a similar fashion, but results in addresses that are lower in memory.

In contrast, when you write assembly code you have to do those extra multiplications yourself.

if in assembly i should do this extra, so why the manual solution didn't do that?! "it's answer attached"

#### Attachments

• answ.JPG
4.5 KB · Views: 294
Mark44
Mentor
if in assembly i should do this extra, so why the manual solution didn't do that?! "it's answer attached"
Posting an image of the code in your book is not very helpful. You should also state what sort of assembly code you're working with. Yours appears to be MIPS.

Code:
sub $t0,$s3, $s4 add$t0, $s6,$t0
lw $t1, 16($t0)
sw $t1, 32($s7)
Khaled Kord said:
given that f,g,h,i and j are assigned to registers s0,s1,s2,s3 and s4
and the base addresses for the arrays A,B are in s6,s7

convert this C statement to assemply language: B[8] = A[i-j];
i can't understand the second line in his, he is adding the address of array A with variable f, while he should multiply f by 4 to get the offset
What are the values of f, g, h, and i? To understand what a piece of code is doing, you have to know what values are being added, subtracted, loaded, or stored.

In the first line of code, the value in s4 is being subtracted from the value in s3, with the result being placed in t0.
Start at the first line, and see if you can figure out what gets stored in t0. Then do the same for the second, third, and fourth lines.

Do you know what the LW and SW instructions do?

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