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MathematicalPhysicist

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http://books.google.co.il/books/about/Quantum_Field_Theory.html?id=vbAnQAAACAAJ&redir_esc=y

And I am puzzled by what is written in pages 5-6 section 1.3 Special Theory of Relativity.

He writes down the transformation between two inertial frames, one moving at speed v compared to the other.

[tex] x'=\gamma (x-vt) \ y'=y \ z'=z[/tex]

Now he writes on page 6:

My problem is with the last conclusion, why can't we have \gamma to be any even function of v, like v^4 and so forth?What is gamma?

From the uniformity of space, we see that \gamma may not depend on the coordinates (...).

In the absence of gravity, \gamma is independent of t,x,y,z but it may depend on v.

...

Rotational invariance therefore means that \gamma must be independent of the sign of v, i.e, it's a function only of v^2.