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Calculating the speed of hammer to drive a nail in the wall

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  1. Jun 8, 2015 #1
    1. We know that we need 5000N to drive a nail 2.5 cm into a wall. How fast does a hammer of 500g mass have to be in order to drive the nail in the wall in one stroke?(look at the picture if it is unclear. The 2 cm in the picture should be 2.5cm)
    KR5KUIrh.jpg

    2.
    F=m*a
    W=F*x
    x=distance

    3. I thought it would simply be 10m/s
    since 5000N=10m/s*500g.
    But my teacher said it is wrong. Now I have to get to the solution which is 19m/s and show him how I did it.
     
    Last edited: Jun 8, 2015
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 8, 2015 #2
    A picture has not been attached. Does the hammer strike perpendicular to the wall?
     
  4. Jun 8, 2015 #3
    Now it should be there. Sorry I thought I had uploaded it.
     
  5. Jun 8, 2015 #4
    I presume that the graph extends all the way to s=2.5 cm ?
     
  6. Jun 8, 2015 #5
    Well the 2 cm should be 2.5cm. So 2.5 cm corresonds to the 5000N,
     
  7. Jun 8, 2015 #6
    That simplifies things considerably. You've been given the force and the displacement in the direction of the force. Does any conservation law come to your mind? How is this related to the velocity at which that 0.5kg hammer needs to be moving at?
     
  8. Jun 8, 2015 #7
    So the work is: 2.5cm*5000N =12500J
    So then the work energy theorem says:
    W=KEf-KE0
    We can eliminate KE0 so it is
    W=0.5*m*v^2
    √(W/0.5*m)=v
    So we get v=7.071m/s
    This looks correct to me, but apparantely it is 19.0m/s
     
  9. Jun 8, 2015 #8
    No, a constant force is not applied along the 2.5 cm displacement! The force increases linearly as can be seen in the F-s graph. Try calculating the area under the graph.
     
  10. Jun 8, 2015 #9
    O
    Ohhhhh.... I understand...
    Area under graph is 9375N of course and then
    9375N : 500g=18.75 m/s
    Thanks a lot, now I get a bonus to my grade :)
    Just one last (stupid)question. Why isn't it possible to calculate the 18.75m/s using W=0.5*m*v^2 to calculate the velocity?
     
  11. Jun 8, 2015 #10
    Your procedure and answer is incorrect. Firstly, why will the area have the units of N? Also remember that the units along the x axis are cm, not m. Do you know what the area represents?

    I don't understand why you're using ##F=ma## over here: this expression will give you the average force that the hammer exerts on the wall as it decelerates to a stop (while hitting the nail). We are not interested in this result. In fact, the question itself mention the singular word "velocity," which should reveal to you that they are asking the constant speed at which the hammer must be moving to drive the nail in (constant velocity = 0 acceleration)!

    The last part of your post is in fact using the correct approach. Try some energy calculations!
     
  12. Jun 8, 2015 #11
    Okay area under graph is 93.75 J
    I use
    93.75J = 0.5*0.5kg*v^2
    →v =19.365m/s
    Okay now I am sure it is correct!!
    Haha thanks for helping an idiot like me..I make so many simple mistakes with units..I'll keep that in mind for the future.thanks again
     
  13. Jun 8, 2015 #12
    Don't call yourself an idiot; everyone overlooks some things at one point or another - just keep learning from your mistakes!:biggrin:
     
  14. Jun 8, 2015 #13
    F(2.5cm) = 6250(N). Try again.
     
  15. Jun 8, 2015 #14
    Please re-read the posts. The OP corrected this mistake........twice.
     
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