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Carbon Dioxide in the Martian Ice Caps

  1. Feb 25, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    The Viking landers on Mars measured a seasonal change in surface pressure of 2.5 mb due
    to the variation in the seasonal extent of the ice caps. Ignoring any elevation variations on
    the surface of Mars, calculate the difference in the total mass of CO2 in both ice caps
    between the maximum and minimum in surface pressure.

    Radius of Mars =3390km
    Mass of Mars = 6.42 × 1023 kg
    Universal gravitation constant G = 6.67 × 10-11 N m^2 kg-2
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 25, 2016 #2

    Bystander

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    Step at a time: Step one?
     
  4. Feb 29, 2016 #3
    This implicitly makes no sense to me: if PV=nrT, and n increases, then sure P will increase but what is V? Surely they don't expect you to calculate some rbritrary volume from the radius of Mars to 2 meters above that? Very confusing.
    If anyone else can actually help it would really be appreciated.
     
  5. Feb 29, 2016 #4

    SteamKing

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    Who says that PV = nRT applies here?

    When the 'ice' caps on Mars sublime and release extra CO2 into the atmosphere, there is a small increase in the surface pressure. What does this increase in pressure tell you about the mass of the atmosphere?

    On earth, standard atmospheric pressure is 101,325 Pa. What is the relationship between atmospheric pressure and the mass of the atmosphere on earth?
     
  6. Feb 29, 2016 #5

    This actually makes sense thanks, PV=nRT was my first port of call when dealing with systems of pressure, volume and quantity of gas.
    Per unit volume, for example a cylinder of flat surface area A, the pressure pushing down from above is mg, where m is the amount of gas contained in a cylinder of equal radius extending to the top of the atmosphere.

    I found another equation online:
    M_A=4*Pi*R^2/g
    do you think this applies to the situation correctly? If so we can just use this to create a Delta M_A if we can calculate g and know M
     
  7. Feb 29, 2016 #6

    SteamKing

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    The physical properties of Mars (diameter, surface gravity, atmospheric pressure) can be looked up.

    The equation for M_A above seems to be missing a key component for the calculation of the mass of the atmosphere. Can you spot it?
     
  8. Feb 29, 2016 #7
    Oh yes of course, thanks again. Misquoted and missed the pressure there.
    I would imagine the equation could then be changed for the purposes of this question to:

    DeltaM_A=4*Pi*R^2*DeltaP/g

    Then you just have to be careful about the use of units and the question is mathematically simple.
     
  9. Feb 29, 2016 #8

    SteamKing

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    Looks good.
     
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