# A Change in Fermi level with gradient of doping concentration

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1. Nov 3, 2016

### HARSHARAJ

In a degenerate n type semiconductor, when the doping concentration has a gradient(say -ve gradient), then how fermi energy level and intrinsic Fermi energy levels will depend upon the concentration gradient?
~If anyone knows anything about it, kindly help.

Last edited: Nov 3, 2016
2. Nov 8, 2016

### Greg Bernhardt

Thanks for the thread! This is an automated courtesy bump. Sorry you aren't generating responses at the moment. Do you have any further information, come to any new conclusions or is it possible to reword the post? The more details the better.

3. Nov 8, 2016

### HARSHARAJ

Thank you for the reply, but it's a conceptual question so no other information is there, and yeah I have kind of an approach, but an expert's view is what I required.

4. Nov 10, 2016

### Henryk

Hi, .
Fermi level is a property of the system at equilibrium so its value is the same everywhere within the system ( if there is no current flow).

However, the energy of the conduction and valence bands relative to the Fermi level does depend on the doping concentration.

Check this link. It gives you all the equations and graphs.

5. Nov 10, 2016

### Henryk

My apology. I just realized I gave you an incomplete answer.

It is true that at equilibrium, the Fermi level is the same everywhere in the system.
However, the difference between the Fermi energy and conduction/valence band energy depends not only on the doping concentration but also on the doping profile.
Take, for example, an energy diagram of a p-n junction at equilibrium. This is a case when you have a change of doping concentration. In the n - region and far away from the junction, the conduction band bottom is close to the Fermi level. On the other side (p - region), the top of the conduction band is close to the Fermi level. But in the depletion mode, you have an electrostatic potential that adds to the value of the conduction band bottom (and valence band top).
But in the depletion region, the difference between the bottom of the conduction band and Fermi level changes from the bulk p region value to the bulk n region value. The change of the electron energy is due to potential energy difference because of unbalanced charge in the depletion region.

So, in general, the difference between the energy of a conduction (or valence) band will depend not only on local dopant concentration but also double integrated net charge density. So, given the dopant concentration profile, you really have to solve the Poisson-Boltzmann equation to get the answer.

Henryk

6. Nov 10, 2016

### HARSHARAJ

Thank you for the reply, the answer that you provided regarding the position of Ef and variation in position in Ec and Ev, I have also arrived there but what I didn't understood (physically) quite well is how and why the intrinsic fermi level changes.