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Homework Help: Collimating light from Optical fibre problem

  1. Apr 11, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A thin lens of focal length f is used to collimate the light emerging from two different optical fibres.
    When used with a first fibre of small core diameter and numerical aperture NA it acheives a diffraction limited divergence of θ1 for the collumated beam. Find the separation u between the lens and the fibre that provides the best collimation. Find θ1 and the diameter D of the collumated beam immediately behind the lens.

    When used with a second fibre of a large core diameter d but the same numerical aperture, the beam diverges much faster than it did using the first fibre. Calculate this larger divergence angle 2 as a function of f and d

    2. Relevant equations

    NA = sin(θ1)


    3. The attempt at a solution

    I am not entirely sure how to approach this problem as it is not a point source. I would like to say that:

    for best collimation u = f -- from lens equation
    and then

    D=f tan(θ1) ≈ fθ1 ≈ f NA -- from trigonometry

    however I am not sure if this is correct. Any hints on how to approach this question would be greatly appreciated. Many thanks
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 11, 2012 #2
    wow, so difficult to me!!
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