# Convection, Conduction, Or Radiation. You decide

• iteration69
In summary, the conversation is focused on the debate surrounding radiant floor heat and the various mechanisms involved in transferring heat. The speaker suggests that the current system relies heavily on convection and conduction, rather than electromagnetic radiation. They propose a test using a glass vacuum chamber to eliminate convection and conduction, and discuss the importance of factors such as emissivity and geometry in heat transfer. The conversation concludes with the speaker mentioning the complexity of radiating heat problems.

#### iteration69

Hello everyone, new guy here.

I'd like some other minds on an on-going debate i have with quite a few people.
The subject is "Radiant Floor Heat". I'm not going to cover any formulas at this point as i need to convey the conceptual side of things first.

We know that heat is transferred via three mechanisms. Namely conduction, convection and radiation.
Lets apply this to a cement slab which is insulated in principle from the ground by a reflective bubble insulation. In most applications a hydronic tube is coiled in various geometric patterns around the floor and the cement is poured.

Case studies have shown that this bubble insulation is crushed by the overwhelming force of the cement which effectively nulls any conduction and convection insulating properties it may have had(mostly conduction). Fundamentally the ground is a rather large heat sink that varies greatly depending on geological conditions such as ground rock and flowing ground water (both of which increase this heat sink capacity) and temperature difference.

At this point the so called radiant heat system has a great deal of convection loss.

Now let us consider the heat gain mechanisms.
Conduction.
The cement may be in contact with furnature, walls, and equipment, ambient air and people.
Convection.
The ambiant air which is heated by conduction creates convection currents that are distributed through the heated space.
Once again conduction plays the key roll in heating the cement. As the cement increases in temperature so does the radiation.

It seems to me that for this heating system to be technically correct it would operate principly from radiant transfer (electro magnetic wave propagation) However we know that there is quite a bit of conduction and convection transfer with this system.

Suppose we were to construct a small test unit one of which uses a glass vacuum chamber to effectively stop all convection and conduction. Next we test the systems ability to condition a heated space by simply heating it. Without conduction or convection this system would be forced to operate in principle from electro magnetic radiation.

If a system operates from x % conduction, y % convection and z % radaition is it technically correct to state that it is radiated?

I tend to think that z must be very near to unity for this statement to hold true.
It would also be very interesting to find a case study on this matter.

All thoughts are greatly appreciated.

Last edited:
Your point seems to be that a "radiant" heater isn't really just a radiant heater. That's correct. Heck, one of the biggest benefits is if you install them in a bathroom, your feet won't get cold when you stumble to the bathroom in the morning.

Regarding the failure of the insulation below, that's a huge problem if it is really as bad as you say.

It depends on a lot of things. Emissitivity of the floor, walls and such. reflectivity and in real cases transmission of the incident EM-waves.

Often in real cases you have both convection and radiation. IT depends on a lot of things, are you building a furnace, or a home? Are you burning fuel in the furnace or heating a material? and so on.

contact between surfaces, then it is mostly convection. If you place a metalslab in a furnace, then mostly radiation.

Then you must also go through the geometry, it is very important in radiating heat-problems. If you got a bend/curve in your material that you are heating, then it radiates on itself and sruff like that, these problems can be very very complex.

I hope this helped.

## 1. What is the difference between convection, conduction, and radiation?

Convection is the transfer of heat through the movement of a fluid, such as air or water. Conduction is the transfer of heat through direct contact between two objects. Radiation is the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves.

## 2. Which method of heat transfer is most efficient?

Conduction is the most efficient method of heat transfer because it occurs through direct contact, allowing for a faster transfer of heat compared to convection or radiation.

## 3. How does convection occur?

Convection occurs when a fluid, such as air or water, is heated and rises due to its lower density. As it rises, it transfers heat to cooler areas, then cools and sinks back down to repeat the cycle.

## 4. Can conduction occur in liquids and gases?

Yes, conduction can occur in both liquids and gases, but it is more effective in solids due to the closer proximity of particles.

## 5. What are some examples of radiation?

Some examples of radiation include the sun's heat reaching the Earth, a fire warming up a room, and a microwave heating up food. Other forms of radiation include infrared radiation and radio waves.