# Correct this improper definition of a limit

1. Feb 3, 2012

### Easy_as_Pi

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Eddy wrote on his midterm exam that the definition of the limit is the
following: The sequence {an} converges to the real number L if there
exists an N ∈ Natural numbers so that for every $\epsilon$ > 0 we have |an − L| < $\epsilon$ for all
n > N. Show Eddy why he is wrong by demonstrating that if this were
the definition of the limit then it would not be true that lim n→∞ 1/n = 0.
(Hint: What does it mean if |a − b| < $\epsilon$ for every $\epsilon$ > 0?)

2. Relevant equations
|a-b| <ε means that ||a|-|b|| < ε from the reverse triangle inequality

3. The attempt at a solution
I know it has to do with the fact that the actual definition of a limit has "for every ε > 0, there exists an N $\in$ Natural numbers S.T. ...." so, Eddy reversed that part of the definition. I just haven't been able to quite see the difference of the two. A little push in the right direction would be greatly appreciated. I like figuring these out on my own, so no full on answers, please.

2. Feb 3, 2012

### micromass

So there exists a certain N.

Let [itex]\varepsilon = |1/N|[/tex]

and try to prove that 1/n does not converge to 0 with this definition.

3. Feb 3, 2012

### Easy_as_Pi

I'm not quite sure I follow. I ended up answering it this way: Eddy's definition implies there is a single natural number, N, such that for all n>N |1/n|< every epsilon greater than zero. Which is not true. For every epsilon you give me, I can find an N such that 1/n is less than that epsilon for all n>N, but if you pick a newer, smaller epsilon, my N has to be larger, and since the natural numbers are unbounded, we can do this forever. But, it's a different N for each new epsilon, not one single N like eddy implied. Does that make sense?

4. Feb 3, 2012

### vela

Staff Emeritus
That's right.