# Could these statments define energy?

A.Energy is a concept that quantifies the amount of work previously done on an object as well as the amount of work than an object can perform (both of which are equal). B. Energy must always be transferred by the means of a physical force. C. All forces cause work from a macro perspective viewpoint. Forces can only be exerted by objects that have had work preformed on them previously.

If the total energy in the whole universe was and will be constant through all time then does that mean that there is a fixed center of mass of the universe?

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## Answers and Replies

Fixed in respect to what?

To change the center of mass of a system of objects( I this case the whole universe) there must be an input or out put of energy, therefore is it true that the center of mass of the universe has been and will be at the same position on a 3 demensional plane for all of time.

No, to have the center of mass moving with constant speed you don't need any input of anything.
But before even talking about motion and rest you need a reference frame.

Drakkith
Staff Emeritus
To change the center of mass of a system of objects( I this case the whole universe) there must be an input or out put of energy, therefore is it true that the center of mass of the universe has been and will be at the same position on a 3 demensional plane for all of time.
No, the universe has no known center of mass. It also has no known center or edge.

Ok the center of mass part of the statments is incorrect, but what about the energy statments?

What energy statements?

At the top of the page A B C

As heat is a form of energy transfer that correspond to no macroscopic work, your 2 and 3 seem to be contradictory.

What are trying to do, anyway? Make e new "theory" of energy?

The amount of work done is the change in kinetic energy of the object the work is being done on. That is not necessarily equal to the amount of work the object can do, because the change in energy is not always equal to the total energy. Correct me if I'm wrong. Work=Force times displacement caused while the force was exerted. The energy is not the maximum amount of work an object can do, because doing work requires changing the energy by adding an external force (an object in rest cannot just suddenly do work), not using the energy.

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To respond to Nasu, the transfer of heat energy requires the collision of particles, thus work must have been preformed to cause a higher average kinetic energy in the particles until they moved and collided with another to transfer kinetic energy to the other's particles.

But you say "All forces cause work from a macro perspective viewpoint".
Do you call the work done when two molecules collide a work "from a macro perspective"?
Then what is not "macro" in your conception?

All matter had to have work applied on it to simply exist( movement of all subatomic particles into position) I am simply saying defining the total energy in an object at a particular instance of time in part A.

As heat is a form of energy transfer that correspond to no macroscopic work, your 2 and 3 seem to be contradictory.

What are trying to do, anyway? Make e new "theory" of energy?
Heat is partially work, though, right? Heat is random vibration, but some of the vibration will be in the direction of the force exerted, so by heating something up, work is being exerted (the collisions of the particles exert a force on each particle). Sorry if I'm wrong.

Now you are even more confusing. So what happens if there is no work done on some piece of matter? It does not exist anymore?

Maybe you start by saying what are you trying to do? You think you have a new definition of energy? Or something else maybe?

Edit.
Actually my message was for the OP but you posted in the meantime.

Now you are even more confusing. So what happens if there is no work done on some piece of matter? It does not exist anymore?

Maybe you start by saying what are you trying to do? You think you have a new definition of energy? Or something else maybe?
No, it is just at absolute zero, which is impossible. Either that or it is in a perfect vacuum, which is impossible, at least in the perspective of the universe.

Heat is partially work, though, right? Heat is random vibration, but some of the vibration will be in the direction of the force exerted, so by heating something up, work is being exerted (the collisions of the particles exert a force on each particle). Sorry if I'm wrong.
No, heat is heat and work is work. See the second law of thermodynamics.
You can have heat transfer without any macroscopic work. See isochoric transformation of a gas, for example.

No, it is just at absolute zero, which is impossible. Either that or it is in a perfect vacuum, which is impossible.
You are confused about the concepts of work or maybe you used the term in an unusual way.
I cannot make sense of this statement.

In order for there to be no heat transfer by convection or conduction, you must have the object in a perfect vacuum or be at absolute zero temperature (meaning no vibrations; this would also remove heat loss by radiation). It was because of these statements:
All matter had to have work applied on it to simply exist( movement of all subatomic particles into position) I am simply saying defining the total energy in an object at a particular instance of time in part A.
So what happens if there is no work done on some piece of matter? It does not exist anymore?

Also: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/thermo/heat.html

But I don't see how the absence of heat transfer by convection or any other mechanism is relevant to the main discussion. Assuming that there is a main discussion. :)

Yeah, it got a little off topic with everyone arguing.

Matter as we know it(electrons, protons, neutrons) do not exist unless work was previously exerted on the constituent particles to bring them together? If this is true then we can use the oversimplified expression E=mc^2 to quantify the amount of work that was done simply in the sense of assembling the mater into something we can recognize.

By macro perspective viewpoint I mean taking all objects in the universe into consideration when ever an action takes place. Not from the viewpoint of a singular object.

To get back on topic do A,B,C define energy?

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So you don't see the contradiction between B and C, when heat transfer is considered?

So let be explain B anC better

What are you goals, anyway?
Are you dissatisfied with the standard definitions of various forms of energy?

The theory behind B( all energy requires a force to transfer it from one object to another) does infact still apply in the sense of heat. Heat can be defined as the change in temperature of a substance. Temperature is defined as the AVERAGE kinetic energy of a substance. If consider a scenario with 2 congruent objects of different temperature both will have particles in vibration ,or mabye in a different type of motion within them, but the one with a higher temperature will have particles in more erratic motion on average. The one with more temperature will hit surrounding particles with more frequency and FORCE causing a transfer in kinetic in such a small scale amongst many particles that we get lazy and we just call it heat. We measure the change in temperature with consideration of somethings mass and specific heat to measure heat.

My goals for now are just to do what I like doing, discussing the natural world with peers of similar interest.

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The theory behind B( all energy requires a force to transfer it from one object to another) does infact still apply in the sense of heat. Heat can be defined as the change in temperature of a substance. Temperature is defined as the AVERAGE kinetic energy of a substance. If consider a scenario with 2 congruent objects of different temperature both will have particles in vibration ,or mabye in a different type of motion within them, but the one with a higher temperature will have particles in more erratic motion on average. The one with more temperature will hit surrounding particles with more frequency and FORCE causing a transfer in kinetic in such a small scale amongst many particles that we get lazy and we just call it heat. We measure the change in temperature with consideration of somethings mass and specific heat to measure heat.
Well, it will help your discussion if you use the proper terms with their usual meaning.
Heat is not defined as change in temperature of a substance. Of course, you can define it that way, but then you will have a difficult time in a discussion with some people using the standard definitions.
Temperature is not energy, neither kinetic nor average. They are different quantities, different units etc.
"More erratic" motion is not a well defined term.
I understand that you have an idea about heat transfer at molecular level but you description is unclear and vague and is hard to say what is what you mean. At least for me. I will quit this discussion, I don't think is helping anyone.

Sorry

According to physics classroom:

The degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment. A measure of the warmth or coldness of an object or substance with reference to some standard value. A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.

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russ_watters
Mentor
A.Energy is a concept that quantifies the amount of work previously done on an object as well as the amount of work than an object can perform (both of which are equal). B. Energy must always be transferred by the means of a physical force. C. All forces cause work from a macro perspective viewpoint. Forces can only be exerted by objects that have had work preformed on them previously.
None of those are correct. Have you researched the definition of "energy"? What did you find?

This isn't a topic for discussion/debate, this is a topic to be learned.

berkeman, jbriggs444 and nasu
Could you direct me to a source of information that will accurately put my arguments to rest?

I want to learn why my statments are wrong

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