• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

Determine the distance of this point from the center of the Earth.

  • Thread starter Sheneron
  • Start date
360
0
1. Homework Statement
On the way to the moon the apollo astronauts reached a point where the Moon's gravitational pull became stronger than the Earth's.
A) Determine the distance of this point from the center of the Earth.
B)What is the acceleration due to the Earth's gravitation at this point?


2. Homework Equations
[tex]F_G = \frac{Gm_1m_2}{r^2}[/tex]


3. The Attempt at a Solution
I tried to solve this but am not sure if I am doing it right:
d= distance from earth to moon
h= height above the earth
[tex]g_{earth} = \frac{GM_E}{h^2}[/tex]
[tex]g_{moon} = \frac{GM_M}{(d-h)^2}[/tex]

set the equations equal to eachother and solve for h

[tex]d^2 - 2dh + h^2 = \frac{M_m}{M_E}h^2[/tex]

is this right so far?
 

Answers and Replies

Hootenanny
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
9,598
6
Your good so far with the exception that h is the distance from the centre of the earth, not the height above the earth's surface.
 
360
0
I think i have it. I am solving it as a quadratic, so how do I know which of the two answers it is?
 
Hootenanny
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
9,598
6
I think i have it. I am solving it as a quadratic, so how do I know which of the two answers it is?
Are both solutions physically possible?
 
360
0
indeed, very. Would you like me to post what I got?
 
Hootenanny
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
9,598
6
360
0
M_e = 5.98 x 10^24
M_m = 7.36 x 10^22
d= 3.84 x 10^8

[tex]0.98769h^2 - 7.68 x 10^8h - 1.475 x 10^{17} = 0[/tex]

I put that all in the quadratic formula.. I can't seem to get it to work on here but this is what I got:

7.68 x 10^8 +/- 8.42 x 10 ^7 all over 2(0.98769)
 
Last edited:
360
0
hootenanny? anybody?
 
12
0
Try calculating the actual distances for both roots. Would you encounter both of them on a trip between the earth and the moon?
 
360
0
They are both between the earth and the moon.
 
12
0
Check again. Based on your equations so far, I get:


[tex]h_1 = 3.46 \cdot 10^8 \ \mathrm{m}[/tex]
[tex]d = 3.84 \cdot 10^8 \ \mathrm{m}[/tex]
[tex]h_2 = 4.31 \cdot 10^8 \ \mathrm{m}[/tex]
 
360
0
Oooo. Thanks for the help. I got it now.
 

Related Threads for: Determine the distance of this point from the center of the Earth.

Replies
1
Views
1K
Replies
17
Views
2K
Replies
2
Views
339
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
728
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
5K
Top