# Diagram of relative strengths of fundamental forces

• lizzie96
In summary, the fundamental forces are the four basic interactions (gravity, electromagnetism, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force) that govern the behavior of matter and energy in the universe. They are important because they determine the structure and behavior of all matter and energy. The relative strengths of these forces play a crucial role in understanding the behavior of matter and energy on both a microscopic and cosmic scale and are determined by their coupling constants. The diagram of relative strengths of fundamental forces illustrates the significant difference in strength between the forces and their impact on the universe. There are theories, such as string theory and grand unified theory, that attempt to unify the fundamental forces into a single framework. These theories aim to explain the underlying connections between the forces and
lizzie96
I'm not sure if this is the right place to post- sorry if it's not.
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Does anyone have an image or link to a website that shows the relative strengths of the strong, weak and electromagnetic forces as a function of energy? I like it as a way to explain spontaneous symmetry breaking in a simple way but I can't find a graph anywhere. Thank you!

Google "running coupling constants images" and you'll get a ton of them.

How are you planning to use that graph to illustrate spontaneous symmetry breaking, if you don't mind me asking?

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## 1. What are the fundamental forces and why are they important?

The fundamental forces, also known as fundamental interactions, are the four basic interactions that govern the behavior of matter and energy in the universe. These forces are gravity, electromagnetism, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force. They are important because they dictate the structure and behavior of all matter and energy in the universe.

## 2. What is the significance of the relative strengths of the fundamental forces?

The relative strengths of the fundamental forces determine the interactions between particles and the stability of atoms and molecules. For example, the strong nuclear force is much stronger than the electromagnetic force, which allows for the formation of stable atomic nuclei. Additionally, the relative strengths of the forces play a crucial role in understanding the behavior of matter and energy on both a microscopic and cosmic scale.

## 3. How are the relative strengths of the fundamental forces determined?

The relative strengths of the fundamental forces are determined by their respective coupling constants, which describe the strength of the force between two particles. These constants are measured experimentally and can vary depending on the energy scale at which the interaction is measured.

## 4. What does the diagram of relative strengths of fundamental forces tell us?

The diagram of relative strengths of fundamental forces provides a visual representation of the relative strengths of the four fundamental forces. It illustrates the significant difference in strength between the forces and their impact on the behavior of matter and energy in the universe.

## 5. Are there any theories that attempt to unify the fundamental forces?

Yes, there are several theories, such as string theory and grand unified theory, that attempt to unify the four fundamental forces into a single framework. These theories aim to explain the underlying connections between the forces and provide a deeper understanding of the fundamental laws of the universe.

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