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Difference between voltage and voltage drop?

  1. Apr 26, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A power station delivers 440 kW of power through 3 ohm lines. How much power is wasted if it is delievered at 12000v?

    2. Relevant equations
    v=IR
    P=I^2R
    P=IV



    3. The attempt at a solution
    I believe you are supposed to solve it like this but I do not understand why:

    I=P/V = 440000/12000=36.67 A
    P lost =I^2R=(36.67)^2 (3) = 4033 W

    But my gut instict tells me to do this which I believe is wrong from what I've read:

    P=V^2/R = (12000)^2/3 = 4.8 x 10^7 W
    P lost = P - Pused = (4.8 x 10^7 - 440000) =4.756 x 10^7W

    I think I'm getting confused with what "V" is. I keep googling it and all I can tell is that I don't understand the different between voltage and voltage drop. I'm not clear what either is. Could anyone please explain?

    Why does P=I^2R give you the power lost rather than the original power (440 kW) or the power used?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 26, 2009 #2
    You cannot talk about voltage at a single point, you can only talk about a change in voltage. You'll notice that V = Ed, this is the difference in potential between the distance d.


    Power is a change in energy and obvious way to look at it is to say that if there is a change in energy it has to be a negative since the resistor will heat up.
     
  4. May 18, 2010 #3
    No you are wrong. You cannot use V=12000V for calculating power loss [itex] P_{loss}[/itex] in line. You have use the voltage drop across the line to find [itex] P_{loss}[/itex].
    Since we don't know that, (It is equal to difference between voltage at supply end ([itex] V_{s}[/itex]) and voltage at load end (12000V). Since we dont know [itex] V_{s}[/itex], but we know current through the line, we can find power lost directly from the relation
    [itex] P_{loss}=I^{2}R[/tex]
     
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