(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

An aeroplane makes a round trip between two airports A and B located on the same line of longitude. On a windless day the aeroplane travels with constant speed v and the round trip time is T0. On the following day the same journey is made but there is a wind blowing at speed kv (k<1) at an angle z to the line AB. The pilot maintains the same speed v relative to the air and always flies along the line AB and BA. The round trip time is now T (neglecting take offs, landings and stopovers)

Find T/T0

2. Relevant equations

See below

3. The attempt at a solution

I drew a vector diagram for velocity with v_r going horizontally(new speed along AB when there is wind) and the components v (plane speed) and kv (wind speed).

I then used the cosine rule for v^2 = v_r^2 + (kv)^2 - (2 v_r kv cosθ)

Solved for v_r to get:

v_r = kvcosθ + v√(1-k^{2}sinθ)

Now, T/T0 = v/v_r ,

so T/T0 = 1/(kvcosθ + v√(1-k^{2}sinθ))

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The answer is given to be T/T0 = [(1-k^{2}(sin^{2}θ))^{0.5}]/(1-k^{2})

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I have tried to rearrange to get the same answer but I think I have gone wrong somewhere.

Thanks for the help.

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# Homework Help: Difficult Velocity/Travel/Wind problem

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