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Diffraction grating and wavelengths

  • Thread starter dimpledur
  • Start date
diffraction grating URGENT

1. Homework Statement

A spectrometer is used to analyze a light source. The screen-to-grating distance is 50.0 cm and the grating has 5000 slits/cm. Spectral lines are observed at the following angles: 12.98, 19.0, 26.7, 40.6, 42.4, 63.9 and 77.6. How many different wavelengths are present in the spectrum of this light source? FInd each of the wavelengths.


2. Homework Equations

d*sinthetha =m*lambda

d=0.0002cm

The thing I am really confused about is the value "m". Which values would I use for this question, because I know m=0,+/-1,+/-2 etc..

I just don't understand which values to use.
3. The Attempt at a Solution
 

rl.bhat

Homework Helper
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Re: diffraction grating URGENT

Find the sin( theta) of all the angles.
For same d and lambda, some sin(theta) must be equal to m*sin(12.98). Find m values. Repeat the same thing for other wavelengths.
 
Re: diffraction grating URGENT

since there are 7 different angles, does that mean there will be seven different wavelengths?
 
Re: diffraction grating URGENT

Find the sin( theta) of all the angles.
For same d and lambda, some sin(theta) must be equal to m*sin(12.98). Find m values. Repeat the same thing for other wavelengths.
I do not understand what you are trying to say here.

I know d, I do not know λ or m. How can I solve for two unknowns here? Your statement is very confusing.
 

rl.bhat

Homework Helper
4,433
5
Re: diffraction grating URGENT

No. Not necessarily. Find the sine of all angles.
 
Re: diffraction grating URGENT

I still don't really understand how to find the values of m.. For some reason this is really confusing
 

rl.bhat

Homework Helper
4,433
5
Re: diffraction grating URGENT

Will you please write down sine values of all the angles. Then I will tell you how to find m.
 
Re: diffraction grating URGENT

sin12.98=0.2246
sin19=0.3257
sin26.7=0.4493
sin40.6=0.6508
sin42.4=0.6743
sin63.9=0.8980
 

rl.bhat

Homework Helper
4,433
5
Re: diffraction grating URGENT

sin12.98=0.2246
sin19=0.3257
sin26.7=0.4493
sin40.6=0.6508
sin42.4=0.6743
sin63.9=0.8980
These four belong to the same wavelength. Because other three are multiple of 0.2246. And the remaining two belong to another wavelength.
 
Re: diffraction grating URGENT

sin12.98=0.2246
sin19=0.3257
sin26.7=0.4493
sin40.6=0.6508
sin42.4=0.6743
sin63.9=0.8980
These four belong to the same wavelength. Because other three are multiple of 0.2246. And the remaining two belong to another wavelength.


Alright, so there is a total of 3 different wavelengths? I think I got that.

However, when calculating the wavelengths, would sin12.98, have m=1
would sin 19 have m=1 too?
same goes for sin40.9, m=1?
 
Re: diffraction grating URGENT

Sorry for intruding here again (I am working on the same problem) but I think that 12.98/19=1, 26.7/40.6=2, 42.4/77.6=3 and 63.9=4

????


edit: I have checked it out, and as far as I can tell this is correct.
 
Last edited:

rl.bhat

Homework Helper
4,433
5
Re: diffraction grating URGENT

Alright, so there is a total of 3 different wavelengths? I think I got that.

However, when calculating the wavelengths, would sin12.98, have m=1
would sin 19 have m=1 too?
same goes for sin40.9, m=1?
For last one m = 2
And for 77.6 degree, m=3.
 

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