Do time and space exist within the universe?

In summary, the conversation revolves around the concept of existence and how it relates to physics and philosophy. There is a discussion about Einstein's theory of relativity and how it explains the relationship between matter and energy in creating space and time. The conversation also touches upon the idea of standardization and calibration in experiments, and how it relates to measuring space and time. There is also a discussion about the role of thinking and intuition in physics and the concept of emergent phenomena. Ultimately, the conversation delves into the concept of the universe and the idea that it is a region where physical constants are uniform and there is no "within" it.
  • #1
Pete81t
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0
Or is it the other way around? Either way, how do we know this? (I read somewhere that Einstein taught that they existed within the universe, but how he came up with this idea, that's the question.)
 
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  • #2
[edit]
At first glance, this question appears to be entirely philospohical - as are most questions about "existence". (The only exception that comes to mind is "existence proofs" in mathematics, which are mathematical rather than philosphical).

If the original poster has some particular question in mind that can be reduced to physics (reducing the question to the outcome of some specific thought experiment would be one way of acheiving this), the thread probably belongs here. But if the original poster is entirely interested in philosophy, this thread probably belongs in the philosophy forum.
 
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  • #3
you should go to the NASA. :biggrin:
 
  • #4
Pete81t said:
Or is it the other way around? Either way, how do we know this? (I read somewhere that Einstein taught that they existed within the universe, but how he came up with this idea, that's the question.)
I can only say that, in physics, with "universe" we mean not only matter, energy and bodies of various kind, but space and time as well.
However, according to Einstein's General Relativity theory, it comes out that the very matter and energy, in a certain way, create space and time, because some properties of space and time are determined by the mass and the energy which are present there.
Is this related to what you wanted to ask?
 
  • #5
I have similar questions.
How can I design an experiment which tests for 1 m of space?
How can I design an experiment which tests for 1 s of time?
How would I implement controls for these experiments?
 
  • #6
Bojan Keevill said:
How can I design an experiment which tests for 1 m of space?
Use a rod or ruler.
Bojan Keevill said:
How can I design an experiment which tests for 1 s of time?
Use a clock
Bojan Keevill said:
How would I implement controls for these experiments?
Compare your rod and clock to existing standards.
 
  • #7
DaleSpam said:
Use a rod or ruler.Use a clockCompare your rod and clock to existing standards.

Is that not calibration?
 
  • #8
Yes, you control measurement errors by properly calibrating your measuring instrument to existing standards.
 
  • #9
The existing standards are subjective are they not?
When I measure a standard m length of space (for example in a vacuum) what am I actually measuring?
 
  • #10
When you measure a standard meter what you are actually measuring is http://www.bipm.org/en/si/si_brochure/chapter2/2-1/metre.html" How is that subjective?
 
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  • #11
It is not.
Thank you Dale.
 
  • #12
lightarrow said:
I can only say that, in physics, with "universe" we mean not only matter, energy and bodies of various kind, but space and time as well.
However, according to Einstein's General Relativity theory, it comes out that the very matter and energy, in a certain way, create space and time, because some properties of space and time are determined by the mass and the energy which are present there.
Is this related to what you wanted to ask?

Long time...
I suppose your answer was directed at Pete81t, but your statement is interesting to me because it reverberates with my *intuition* about space and time, as being emergent and dependent, rather than fundamental and absolute universal physical properties; contrary to the Newtonian model.
Granted, my view of the subject is philosophical, for this I feel I must apologize. Whatever happened to thinking about physics anyway? During the early 1900's physicists did a lot of thinking and debating as well as experimentation in combination with mathematics. Recently it seems, thinking has been outmoded in the field of physical study; I've often heard the phrase "do the math and you'll get the right answer". This may be true within the scope of standard quantification, however a standard (normalized value) does not always correlate absolutely with experimental data (i.e. electron charge value). Does this not mean that any calculation incorporating a standard value is biased?

Last winter I performed a very basic calculation based on given values for quarks and found that just over 1% of the mass-energy of a proton was accounted for. Interestingly, I found that total proton mass-energy was approximate to the sum of quarks2.7.
I took this to mean that the space in which a proton resides is created by the interaction of quarks over time.

So, do point particle interactions produce the emergent phenomenon of space?
 
  • #13
I found that total proton mass-energy was approximate to the sum of quarks2.7
In reality, it's (Number of goals scored by Germany at the World Cup so far)3.1
It means that a proton is round.

Whatever happened to thinking about physics anyway?
:rolleyes:

What I wanted to convey:
If you do the math, be sure you know what you're doing. That's the kind of thinking required in physics, 100 years ago and now.
 
  • #14
Time without space is like knowledge without ignorance.
 
  • #15
Ich said:
In reality, it's (Number of goals scored by Germany at the World Cup so far)3.1
It means that a proton is round.

What I wanted to convey:
If you do the math, be sure you know what you're doing. That's the kind of thinking required in physics, 100 years ago and now.

Hi Ich,
I suppose you are poking fun. Fair enough. I am not a physicist or mathematician, so am able to do only the simplest calculations. Please could you help me to understand how can I account for the majority of proton mass-energy?
 
  • #16
Chronos said:
Time without space is like knowledge without ignorance.

I am trying not to be ignorant; my knowledge is limited ; )
 
  • #17
I think it would be fair to say that the Universe is spacetime, within which such oddities as mass act to warp it. In a more general sense, isn't a universe simply a region in which physical constants (aka the laws of physics) are uniform? In that sense, there is no "within" a universe, because that implies a 3D body you can leave.
 
  • #18
nismaratwork said:
I think it would be fair to say that the Universe is spacetime, within which such oddities as mass act to warp it. In a more general sense, isn't a universe simply a region in which physical constants (aka the laws of physics) are uniform? In that sense, there is no "within" a universe, because that implies a 3D body you can leave.

I was under the (possibly erroneous) impression that spacetime is a model Universe. Also that aspects of the model change relative to dynamic points of observation. The impression I have is that the manner in which one experiences time is changeable and dependent on the rate at which one interacts with space, relative to some other point of space interaction.

I would agree that spacetime is a useful idea, but am having great difficulty in placing it as the (or a) physical universal foundation. Spacetime seems somewhat analogous to the grid of longitudinal and latitudinal lines we paint on a globe in order to navigate more easily.
 
  • #19
Bojan Keevill said:
Whatever happened to thinking about physics anyway? During the early 1900's physicists did a lot of thinking and debating as well as experimentation in combination with mathematics. Recently it seems, thinking has been outmoded in the field of physical study
Whatever happened to actually learning about a subject before thinking that you knew enough to make reasonable critiques? The pace of scientific debate and thought has increased dramatically since the 1900's, particularly with the advent of improved communications. To make this comment shows an enormous ignorance about the field and history.
 
  • #20
Bojan Keevill said:
I was under the (possibly erroneous) impression that spacetime is a model Universe. Also that aspects of the model change relative to dynamic points of observation. The impression I have is that the manner in which one experiences time is changeable and dependent on the rate at which one interacts with space, relative to some other point of space interaction.

I would agree that spacetime is a useful idea, but am having great difficulty in placing it as the (or a) physical universal foundation. Spacetime seems somewhat analogous to the grid of longitudinal and latitudinal lines we paint on a globe in order to navigate more easily.

You can't separate spacetime in GR... that's why its called "spacetime" or 3+1 dimensions. The Stress Energy Tensor should make that clear.
 
  • #21
I suppose you are poking fun. Fair enough. I am not a physicist or mathematician, so am able to do only the simplest calculations.
...but able to criticize physics? You shouldn't be surprised to find yourself criticized as well, if you betray such a lack of understanding together with this attitude.

Anyway, most of the proton's mass is in the fields and kinetic energy. Read http://www.symmetrymagazine.org/breaking/2010/04/27/protons-not-as-strange-as-expected/" .
 
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  • #22
In reality, it's (Number of goals scored by Germany at the World Cup so far)3.1
Hmm, now I get ()2.7, too. :biggrin:
 
  • #23
OFcoarse there's places without space and time

Dont know if there is here, but other dimensions or places-
What would it be like with no time and space? Can you imagine? I can, I've been there-
Lets start with this, well you wouldn't have the LUXURY of sitting on a couch for an hour or several, deciding what to do.


-cosmic
 

Related to Do time and space exist within the universe?

What is the concept of time and space in the universe?

The concept of time and space in the universe refers to the dimensions in which all objects and events occur. Time is often described as the fourth dimension, while space is considered to have three dimensions - length, width, and height. Together, time and space create the fabric of the universe that allows for movement and change.

Do time and space exist independently or are they interconnected?

Time and space are interconnected and cannot exist without each other. The theory of relativity proposed by Albert Einstein states that time and space are relative and can be affected by the presence of matter and energy. This means that time and space are not absolute and can be distorted by gravity and other forces.

How does the expansion of the universe affect the concept of time and space?

The expansion of the universe affects the concept of time and space by causing the fabric of space-time to stretch. This means that objects and events in the universe are moving further apart from each other, leading to an increase in the distance between them. As a result, time and space are also expanding, and the rate of this expansion is constantly changing.

Is there a limit to the size of the universe in terms of time and space?

According to current scientific theories, there is no known limit to the size of the universe in terms of time and space. The universe is believed to be infinite, with no edge or boundary. However, the observable universe is limited by the speed of light, which means we can only see a certain portion of the universe due to the time it takes for light to reach us.

How do scientists measure time and space in the universe?

Scientists use various methods to measure time and space in the universe. One commonly used method is through the use of astronomical units, which are based on the distance between the Earth and the Sun. Other methods include using the speed of light and the redshift of galaxies. Additionally, advanced technologies such as telescopes and satellites are used to gather data and make more accurate measurements of time and space in the universe.

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