# Does this obey passive sign convention? (Circuits)

lillybeans

I thought passive sign convention is obeyed when you have a positive current flowing into the positive terminal of the element first. But how about this case? While it is drawn that way, the positive terminal is actually the NEGATIVE terminal because the voltage is negative, so you have to flip it.

Does this still count as obeying the passive sign convention then? In other words, POSITIVE current flows into POSITIVE terminal of NEGATIVE voltage.

Dionysus~
Imagine you have a system that pumps water in a cycle. If the water goes up some hill in the process then it gains potential energy, and ,conversely, loses potential energy for when water flows downward. If the current flows from the negative end of the resistor to the positive, it has gained voltage, as if the water moved to a higher potential. Current can be thought of as water pressure in our imaginary system. If the water flows uphill to a higher potential then the water pressure will be less as energy was exerted to push the water, so likewise, current will be negative.