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Electric potential for an axial quadrupole

  1. Oct 11, 2011 #1
    Find the electric potential for an axial quadrupole: point charges q, -2q, q over the z axis at distances l,0,l from the origin. Find the electric potential only for distances r>>l and demonstrate that the potential is proportional to one of the zonal armonics.

    Well, I found at wikipedia that an axial multipole has an electric potential given by:
    [tex]\Phi(r)=\frac{1}{4\pi \epsilon_0 r}\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}qa^k \left ( \frac{1}{r^{k+1}} \right ) P_k(\cos\theta)[/tex]

    But I don't know how to apply this to my problem. I don't know neither what the zonal armonics are.
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 11, 2011 #2


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    Zonal harmonics are functions of the form

    φn=rnPn(cosθ) or φn=r-(n+1)Pn(cosθ) where Pn(cosθ) are Legendre polynomials.

    In relation to your problem, first find the potential using simple superposition of three point charges, then expand in Taylor series for r>>l. You should get something that matches the functional dependence of one of the two forms. Can you predict which one?
  4. Oct 11, 2011 #3
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