# electric Definition and Topics - 83 Discussions

Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of matter that has a property of electric charge. Electricity is related to magnetism, both being part of the phenomenon of electromagnetism, as described by Maxwell's equations. Various common phenomena are related to electricity, including lightning, static electricity, electric heating, electric discharges and many others.
The presence of an electric charge, which can be either positive or negative, produces an electric field. The movement of electric charges is an electric current and produces a magnetic field.
When a charge is placed in a location with a non-zero electric field, a force will act on it. The magnitude of this force is given by Coulomb's law. If the charge moves, the electric field would be doing work on the electric charge. Thus we can speak of electric potential at a certain point in space, which is equal to the work done by an external agent in carrying a unit of positive charge from an arbitrarily chosen reference point to that point without any acceleration and is typically measured in volts.
Electricity is at the heart of many modern technologies, being used for:

Electric power where electric current is used to energise equipment;
Electronics which deals with electrical circuits that involve active electrical components such as vacuum tubes, transistors, diodes and integrated circuits, and associated passive interconnection technologies.Electrical phenomena have been studied since antiquity, though progress in theoretical understanding remained slow until the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The theory of electromagnetism was developed in the 19th century, and by the end of that century electricity was being put to industrial and residential use by electrical engineers. The rapid expansion in electrical technology at this time transformed industry and society, becoming a driving force for the Second Industrial Revolution. Electricity's extraordinary versatility means it can be put to an almost limitless set of applications which include transport, heating, lighting, communications, and computation. Electrical power is now the backbone of modern industrial society.

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1. ### Electric current calculation

According to the circuit in the figure; Can you calculate the values of the currents I1, I2, and I3. Can you send me a detailed solution to understand?
2. ### Two Charged Balls on Strings

Given the total angles in the x direction, I set up this: (mg/cos(x))*sin(x)-Fe=0 then isolated for x: mgtan(x)=(kq^2)/(2*sin^2x) sin^2(x)*tan(x)=(kq^2)/(2mg) From here I am stuck. How do I go forward when x is contained in two different trig functions on the left?
3. ### Electric field and electric potential exercise

a) \vec{F}=\vec{E}\cdot q \phi =\oint \vec{E}d\vec{S}=\oint \vec{E}d\vec{S}=\underbrace{\oint \vec{E}d\vec{S}}_{\textrm{FACES } \perp}+\underbrace{\oint \vec{E}d\vec{S}}_{\textrm{FACES } \parallel}=0+\oint EdS\cdot \underbrace{\cos 0}_1= E2S \dfrac{Q_{enc}}{\varepsilon_0}=\phi \left...
4. ### Electric Fields: calculate the resultant force

Summary:: I try to find the resultant force on "q". I think I have to find the value of Q, but I'm not sure. I Know F1 = k|q * 2Q| / 3² and F2 = k|q * Q| / 2² Hi, this is my first post on this forum I hope I posted in the right section. I try to find the resultant force on "q". I think I...
5. ### Gauss-Theorem on a solid dielectric sphere

The load system formed by the point load and the load distribution generates two regions in space corresponding to r<1m and r>1m, i.e. inside and outside the sphere. Given the symmetry of the distribution, by means of the Gaussian theorem we can find the modulus of the field at a distance r from...
6. ### Theoretical vs measured electrical resistance: Percent error relation

Mentor Note -- Thread moved from the technical forums, so no Homework Template is shown. So, we've conducted an experiment on resistors in a circuit. The theoretical calculation was based of on E-24 series color band table and the measured resistance of the resistor was measured by a meter...
7. ### Electric potential at the edge of a thin charged circular plate

My question might sound stupid to you but please clear my confusions. I'm taking an circular arc like element on the plate. That arc has a radius of 'r' (AB) and the radius is inclined at an angle 'θ' with OA (∠OAB). The area between arc of radius r and r+dr is dA. dA = 2θr.dr The charge on...
8. ### Electric dipoles

What is the convention? Because the field lines leave the positive charges and enter the negative ones, do not they?
9. ### Is Electric armour feasible with current technology?

I read about electric armor (also known as dynamic armor or electric reactive armor) that can protect armored vehicles from shaped charges of anti-tank weapons and I want to know if its feasible today. according to wikipedia: [Moderator: please don't do this without a link. The link is The link...
10. ### Finding Fresnel coefficients from the interface conditions

Homework Statement We have an incident electric field, and there are two cases: 1) the field is polasised perpendicularly to the incidence plane (TE) 2) polarised in the plane (TM) Here I must be able to correctly apply the limit conditions, to find the Fresnel formulas that give the...
11. ### About the efficiency of engines

if we had an entire car made of Starlite (a material that was created resistant to 18032 °F). Would the efficiency of the combustion engine be close to that of the electric and that of the electric would be almost 100% efficient? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Starlite
12. ### Power required to compress air in a gas turbine

I'm looking for advice on how much power is required to compress air in a gas turbine engine - parameterised by degree of compression and mass flow. Normal gas turbine engines have exhaust turbine(s) on the same shaft as the air compressors. They bleed some of the exhaust energy to drive the...
13. ### Someone help explain electric dipole situation

Ok so she says that electric dipoles are of opposite charge but equal magnitude at 3:40. But then at 5:33 she shows 2Q with -Q, at that point the magnitude of the 2Q particle wouldn't be equal to the -Q so they wouldn't be electrical dipoles right?
14. ### Speed/acceleration calculations for an Electric motorcycle

Good day all, This is my first post here, hope you all are able to help me out here. I am thinking about converting an old Suzuki GS500E from an internal combustion engine to an electric motor. At the moment I am having some difficulties with the physics side of things, I would like to...
15. ### Applying Kirchoff's loop rule

Homework Statement Homework Equations Kirchoff's Rule The sum of all V = 0 The Attempt at a Solution [/B] I think I'm having a problem determining the current at r_2 and R_3. I had originally thought the currents at both resistors would be I_3, writing E_2 — r_2 I_3 — R_3 I_3 — I_1 R_1 = 0...
16. ### Could a spacecraft refuel from the atmosphere?

https://phys.org/news/2018-03-world-first-air-breathing-electric-thruster.html If it dipped into the atmosphere temporarily on an elliptical orbit, could the air gathered be stored for a long flight? Then maybe get more fuel from another planet's atmosphere or moon for the return trip?
17. ### Supercapacitors for dummies?

Hello, what is the consensus on using super capacitors to power a 500w electric bike motor. cheap and innovative alternative to li-po batteries or explosion between thighs waiting to happen? the plan is to create something like this: i will use a 24V motor...
18. ### Problem with a dimmer switch

Hello, I'm currently constructing an electric bicycle using a 500w 24v motor, 2X24v 7ah batteries (maybe 4 later on). I bought a 24v 30a dimmer switch to use as a "throttle". During the intitial test (on a table, not on the bike!) It worked absolutely fine for 2 minutes, but then began to smoke...
19. D

### Magnitude of the Electric Field at the Following Distances

Homework Statement The figure below shows a spherical shell with uniform volume charge density ρ = 1.87 nC/m3, inner radius a = 15.0 cm, and outer radius b = 2.60a. [Reference Picture] What is the magnitude of the electric field at the following radial distances? Homework Equations...
20. ### Emitting one or two opposite charges along the x-axis

Let's consider that I have an emitter that can emit both negative and positive electric charges. Here let's consider only scenarios with two particles (one negative and one positive) that start initially at the tip of some electrode, where one or both the charges will separate from at the same...
21. ### Electric field integral: Convergence where ρ is nonzero

Hi. I know how to use Gauss' Law to find the electric field in- and outside a homogeneously charged sphere. But say I wanted to compute this directly via integration, how would I evaluate the integral...
22. T

### Engineering Solving Circuit Diagram

Homework Statement [/B] A screenshot with everything given Homework Equations No idea The Attempt at a Solution No idea I'm not sure how to solve this or where to look for a solution. I was given this yesterday and have a test tomorrow. The professor has not gone over this at anytime...
23. ### Calculate electric potential from a graph

Homework Statement A region of space has a non-uniform electric field that points in the +x-direction and has magnitude as shown in the figure (Figure 1) As a reference point, take the potential at the origin to be -140 V . Calculate the electric potential at x=3.0m. Express your answer to two...
24. ### Finding the magnitude of electric field

Homework Statement A uniform electric field exists in the region between two oppositely charged parallel plates 1.59 cmapart. A proton is released from rest at the surface of the positively charged plate and strikes the surface of the opposite plate in a time interval 1.50×10−6 s . Find the...
25. ### 500cc 50hp electric motor swap

Hi, I own a 1993 ex500 with that is having engine problems, I would like to swap the motor for one that is has more or equal power. The best specs I can come up with are these the motor puts on the rear wheel, HP 50, Torque 31 ft-lbs, top speed 130mph, I am looking into getting a DC-liquid...
26. ### Does current flow back to the power plant through the ground?

Hi. I fear I might not have understood some fundamental concepts about electric power transmission. So we have "neutral" which is brought to earth potential. Does this mean the electrical circuit from the power plant over highly conductive aluminium cables to my home closes back to the power...
27. ### Design a series RLC filter for 10kHz

Homework Statement Design a series RLC filter for 10kHz using an 0.01mF capacitor. Homework Equations / 3. The Attempt at a Solution how would the circuit actually look if drawn out here? [/B]
28. ### A question on E Flux and Fields

Homework Statement 1. The field for an infinite charged sheet is found to be σ/2ε0. If we place 2 infinite sheets of opposite charge above one another, we say that the field in between the sheets is σ/ε0 due to the superposition of individual fields. Why can't we say the same for a situation...
29. ### Does the first maxwell equation apply only...

For static electric fields? does it apply also for a generic electric field? Let's say, moving charges inside a closed surface? If there are charges accelerating in a closed surface a part of the electric field is due to the charges, and a a part is due to the fact that the charges acceleration...
30. ### Find ratio of diameter of two Cylindrical Resistors?

Homework Statement Two cylindrical resistors are made from the same material and have the same length. When connected across the same battery, one(A) dissipates twice as much power as the other(B). Find ratio of dA/dB. Homework Equations P = VI = V2/R = I2R Area of cylinder = 2πrh + 2πr2 The...