Electronic configurations and periodicty

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In summary, an element with the electronic configuration [Ar]3d3 4s2 belongs to period 4, group 5 and is a transition metal. In an atom of this element, there are 3 electrons. The element with the electronic configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1 is Aluminum (Al). The diamagnetic element is F-. The paramagnetic element is Mn4+. The element with a +3 ion and 2 unpaired electrons is Cr. Using periodic trends, the element with the largest first ionization energy is Cs, followed by Sr, Br, and Cl. Using periodic trends, the element with the largest atomic radius is Ge.
  • #1
alicia113
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An element with the following electronic configuration: [Ar]3d3 4s2
a) what. Does it belong to? Period 4
b) what is its group number? Group 5
c) what kind of element is it? Transition metal
d) how many of how electrons are there in an atom of this element? 3

2. what atom has this electronic configuration? 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1
Aluminum Al
3. which of the following atoms or ions are diamagnetic?
Br3+ S C F- Cr2+
F-

b) which of the following ions or atoms are paramagnetic?
As Zn Mg2+ C2+ Mn4+
Mn4+
4. which following elements has +3 ion with 2 unpaired electrons?
As Cl Fe Sc Cr

5. use periodic trends and predict which of the following elements has the largest first ionization energy
Sr Cl Cs Br
Cs<Sr<Br<Cl
6. use periodic trends to predict which of the following elements has the largest atomic radius
S Ar He Ge

7. use periodic trends and predict which of the following items has the largest radius
N3- F- Mg2+ O2-

8. use a noble-gas notation and write the ground-state electronic configuration of the following ions: Cs+ Ge2+ Cu2+

9. write the equation representing the second ionization energy for Mn [Ar]3d5
b) the electron affinity of Br is 325 kJ/mol Write the equation for which this is the energy change

10. each of the following oxides reacts with water to produce an acid or a base, depending on whether the oxide is an acidic or basic oxide. Give the formula of the products of this reaction.
SrO B2O3 Br2O5






everything in red is answered and the rest i need help with, someone please help me thanks !
 
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  • #2
Not that I checked if answers given were correct.

alicia113 said:
d) how many of how electrons are there in an atom of this element?

Huh?

4. which following elements has +3 ion with 2 unpaired electrons?
As Cl Fe Sc Cr

Where is the problem? Start with chemical properties (does Cl3+ exist?), then write configurations.

6. use periodic trends to predict which of the following elements has the largest atomic radius
S Ar He Ge

7. use periodic trends and predict which of the following items has the largest radius
N3- F- Mg2+ O2-

What trends do you know? Can you write configurations? If ion has a configuration of some other element, is there anything you can predict about its radius?

8. use a noble-gas notation and write the ground-state electronic configuration of the following ions: Cs+ Ge2+ Cu2+

For Li+ it would be just [He].

9. write the equation representing the second ionization energy for Mn [Ar]3d5

This is not an equation yet, for an equation you need both reactant and products.

10. each of the following oxides reacts with water to produce an acid or a base, depending on whether the oxide is an acidic or basic oxide. Give the formula of the products of this reaction.
SrO B2O3 Br2O5

Nothing to do with the electronic configurations.
 
  • #3
In 3b also As is paramagnetic
 

Related to Electronic configurations and periodicty

1. What is an electronic configuration?

An electronic configuration refers to the arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule. It describes the distribution of electrons in different energy levels or orbitals within an atom.

2. Why is electronic configuration important?

Electronic configuration is important because it determines the physical and chemical properties of an element. It also helps in understanding the reactivity and bonding behavior of elements.

3. How do you write an electronic configuration?

An electronic configuration is written by following the Aufbau principle, which states that electrons fill the lowest energy levels or orbitals first. The electrons are then filled according to the Pauli exclusion principle and Hund's rule.

4. What is periodicity in terms of electronic configuration?

Periodicity refers to the repeating pattern of electronic configurations across the periodic table. Elements in the same group or column have similar outer electron configurations, which leads to similar chemical properties.

5. How does electronic configuration explain the periodic trends in the periodic table?

Electronic configuration explains the periodic trends in the periodic table by showing the increase in the number of valence electrons and the shielding effect as you move from left to right across a period. It also explains the decrease in electronegativity and atomic size as you move down a group.

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