# Energy consumption of Fridge with faulty light

• Achievementhunt
In summary, the light bulb in a closed refrigerator is adding 626.3 joules of thermal energy to the fridge every second.
Achievementhunt
1. Homework Statement

Coefficient of performance of a refrigerator is 1.4

A faulty 20w bulb remains on when the fridge is closed.

Under normal circumstances, the bulb turns on when the fridge is open. The door is opened 20 times a day for 30 seconds.

Calculate the increase in energy consumption in 1 year.
2. Homework Equations

Coefficient of performance = heat extracted from cold reservoir Qc/work delivered to pump W

COP = Qc/W

3. The Attempt at a Solution

This is where I am stuck, the work done by a compressor is not given, a bulb doesn't relate to the COP? Here's my attempt:

P=20w, under normal operation, T= 30x20x365 s therefor total energy in a year is 20x219x10^3 = 4.38x10^6 J

Under faulty conditions: P=20w, T= 31.536x10^6 s therefor total energy = 20T = 630.7x10^6 J

Increase in energy = 630.7x10^6 J - 4.38x10^6 J = 626.3x10^6 J

Achievementhunt said:

This is where I am stuck, the work done by a compressor is not given, a bulb doesn't relate to the COP?
A 20 watt bulb is glowing in the middle of a closed refrigerator. How much heat is that bulb adding to the interior?

Thanks for the reply but I am unsure how to calculate the part thermal energy given to the fridge from the light of the bulb

Achievementhunt said:
Thanks for the reply but I am unsure how to calculate the part thermal energy given to the fridge from the light of the bulb
Try conservation of energy. 20 watts of electrical power goes into the light. How much power comes out?

Edit: Possibly a little background is called for.

Light bulbs are traditionally classified based on the electrical power they consume. A 20 watt bulb consumes 20 watts of electrical power. This tradition was standard in the days when incandescent bulbs were ubiquitous and was used for traditional overhead fluorescent lighting, even though the amount of radiated light per input watt was very different for the two lighting types.

Modern light bulbs are typically compact fluorescent (CFL) or light emitting diode (LED) based. The labelling on these is not based on input power but, for marketting and convenience, is instead based on the power that would be consumed by an equivalent incandescent bulb.

The person who came up with this problem is fairly clearly assuming a traditional incandescent lamp where the "20 watts" denotes input power consumed.

Last edited:
When the door is closed, the fridge is a closed system, light cannot escape so the entire electrical power consumed by the bulb eventually becomes the additional thermal energy of the fridge, 20 J/s

So an additional 20J/s needs to be extracted from the fridge to keep it cool, reducing the COP?

Achievementhunt said:
So an additional 20J/s needs to be extracted from the fridge to keep it cool, reducing the COP?
The point is that it needs to be extracted. The COP is needed to tell you how much power must be supplied to the compressor motor in order to extract that much heat.

I can redefine COP as COP= heat to be extracted (Qc)/ Electrical work to operate compressor. We have found the additional heat under faulty conditions, therefor the additional work is Additional heat/COP. This makes sense to me, is this the correct approach?

Achievementhunt said:
I can redefine COP as COP= heat to be extracted (Qc)/ Electrical work to operate compressor. We have found the additional heat under faulty conditions, therefor the additional work is Additional heat/COP. This makes sense to me, is this the correct approach?
Yes. Of course this is the additional work beyond the additional power already required just to operate the lamp for the additional time.

Thanks for your help, appreciate it

## 1. What causes a fridge light to become faulty?

The most common cause of a faulty fridge light is a burned out light bulb. However, it could also be due to a faulty light switch or wiring issue.

## 2. How does a faulty light affect the energy consumption of a fridge?

A faulty light can lead to increased energy consumption as the fridge will work harder to maintain its temperature. This is because the light emits heat, and when it is not working, the fridge will use more energy to compensate for the loss of heat.

## 3. Can a faulty fridge light be repaired?

In most cases, a faulty fridge light can be repaired by simply replacing the light bulb. However, if the issue is with the light switch or wiring, it may require professional repair.

## 4. Is it necessary to fix a faulty fridge light?

While a faulty fridge light may not seem like a major issue, it is still important to get it fixed. Not only does it affect energy consumption, but it can also make it difficult to see inside the fridge, leading to food waste and potentially causing food to spoil.

## 5. How can I prevent a faulty fridge light from increasing energy consumption?

The best way to prevent a faulty fridge light from increasing energy consumption is to regularly check and replace the light bulb if needed. Additionally, keeping the fridge clean and well-maintained can help prevent any wiring or light switch issues.

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