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F(x, y) vs f(x, y, z)

  1. Jul 12, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    What does f(x, y) function mean? Or What does f(x, y, z) function mean? Although, f(x, y) mean 3-dimensional, what is the matter with f(x, y, z)?

    This is a general question, i am asking this question to really get the idea. Can anyone help me to figure out it?

    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 12, 2010 #2

    rock.freak667

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    f(x) is a function in x only. You can draw this in the Cartesian plane in R2

    f(x,y) is function in x and y. If you draw this in R3, the function will lie in the xy-plane.

    f(x,y,z) is a function in x,y and z. In R3, the function lies in all three planes so to speak.
     
  4. Jul 13, 2010 #3

    Mark44

    Staff: Mentor

    These explanations are somewhat misleading and somewhat incorrect. The graph of the equation y = f(x) is the set of ordered pairs (x, y) in R2 where y = f(x). The domain of f is the entire x-axis or some subset of it.
    The domain of the function is the x-y plane or some subset of it. The graph of the function is the ordered triples (x, y, z) for which z = f(x, y).

    Example: z = ln(xy). The domain is the portion of the plane for which xy > 0, which is the interior of the first quadrant and the interior of the third quadrant.
    The domain of a function of three variables is R3 or a subset of it. The graph of w = f(x, y, z) is the set of ordered quadruples (x, y, z, w) such that w = f(x, y, z). Such a graph requires four dimensions: three for the domain and one for the range.

    Example: w = x2 + y2 + z2. Here the domain is all of R3, and the range is {w | w >= 0}.
     
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