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Finding Force in Potential Energy vs. Interatomic Distance graph

  1. Oct 29, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    The figure below shows a graph of potential
    energy versus interatomic distance for a particular molecule. Rank the magnitude of the
    force at locations A, B, and C. (That is, which
    is the greatest, which is smallest, and are any
    of these equal to each other?)

    http://img851.imageshack.us/img851/5526/captureyrd.png [Broken]

    Uploaded with ImageShack.us

    2. Relevant equations

    F = -dU/dx ?


    3. The attempt at a solution

    To be honest I really have no idea on this one :/. I thought I could find the force using the change of potential energy corresponding with change in interatomic distance but that does not give me the right answer.

    It would seem more logical to calculate force based on R itself. Since it's interatomic, I assume force increased with decreasing R, but again that was wrong.


    Any ideas?

    EDIT: Never mind. I realized my mistake and I did not read the "magnitude" word in the question. I figured out the right answer so this thread is no longer needed
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 5, 2017
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 31, 2011 #2
    You got the relevant equation right. You know that two atoms that might make up a molecule are attracted if they are far apart and if they get too close there is a repulsive force. You also know that that say the two atoms that make up a molecule will find some distance where they like to be separated where you could say the force goes to zero.

    You have the points A, B, and C and you what to know the force at those points. From what I wrote and from what you probably know you should be able to come up with answers. What is the slope at points A, B, and C? F = -dU/dx

    Good luck!
     
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