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Finding magnetic field in wire with non-uniform current density

  1. Aug 7, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Find an expression for the magnetic field inside a wire carrying a current density J = Cr2 where C is a constant to be determined in the problem. The total current in the wire is I and the radius of the wire is R. Your answer should be a function of r, R and I, but should not contain C.


    2. Relevant equations
    [itex]\oint\vec{B}*d\vec{s}[/itex]=[itex]\mu[/itex]0*Ithrough

    J = dI/dA

    I = dQ/dt

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I know that the first thing I need to do is solve for C in the J expression. I know that J = dI/dA. I want to integrate over the entire wire's radius, so I would want to integrate from 0 to R... the problem is I can't make my integral work. I tried Cr2 = ∫dI / dA, etc.

    I actually think I can solve the rest of the problem myself, but I am stuck on the freaking calculus. Can someone help me set up this integral?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 7, 2013 #2

    haruspex

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    I, as given in the question, is a constant, so it's not going to help differentiating it. Within your formula it means something a little different. Try rewriting J = dI/dA in integral form. That will turn I into the constant given when you fill in the correct integration range.
     
  4. Aug 7, 2013 #3
    I ended up getting it. You solved for C first by defining dA as 2*pi*r*dr... that was the part I couldn't get.
     
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