Finding volume of one compound using Stoichiometry equation

In summary, the problem is to find the volume of ammonium carbonate needed to react completely with 200.0 mL of 1.500 M silver (I) nitrate using the given balanced equation. The equation M1 V1 x M2 V2 is used to convert the silver (I) nitrate to moles, and stoichiometry is used to find the moles of ammonium carbonate. However, the molarity of the ammonium carbonate solution is needed to solve the problem. Without it, there is insufficient information to find the volume.
  • #1
Consul54
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Homework Statement


I am having a problem finding the volume of one compound while having the molarity and volume for another using a balanced equation.
This is the problem statement: What volume in mL of ammonium carbonate is needed to react completely with 200.0 mL of 1.500 M silver (I) nitrate to the following equation?
2AgNO3 (aq) + (NH4)2CO3 (aq) --> AgCO3 (s) + 2NH4NO3 (aq)

Homework Equations


M1 V1 x M2 V2

The Attempt at a Solution


I am able to convert the silver (I) nitrate using the molarity and volume values to find its moles by using this equation 1.500 M = moles / 0.200 L => moles = 0.3 mol AgNO3. Next, I used stoichiometry to find the moles of ammonium carbonate with this equation 0.3 mol AgNO3 x (1 mol (NH4)2CO3/2 mol AgNO3) = 0.15 mol (NH4)CO3. Can someone help me figure out how to get the volume if I do not have the molarity of ammonium carbonate?
 
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  • #2
I think you need the molarity of the ammonium carbonate solution. Without it, there is insufficient information to work the problem. (And from a quick glance at it, what you did is correct).
 
  • #3
As Charles signaled, no way to answer the problem with the information given.
 
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Related to Finding volume of one compound using Stoichiometry equation

1. What is stoichiometry and why is it important in finding the volume of a compound?

Stoichiometry is the calculation of the quantitative relationships between reactants and products in a chemical reaction. It is important in finding the volume of a compound because it allows us to determine the amount of reactants needed to produce a certain amount of product, or in this case, the volume of a compound.

2. How do you use the stoichiometry equation to find the volume of a compound?

The stoichiometry equation involves using the mole ratio between reactants and products to calculate the amount of each substance needed in a chemical reaction. In order to find the volume of a compound, we must first determine the number of moles of the compound, which can be obtained from the balanced chemical equation.

3. Can you walk me through an example of using stoichiometry to find the volume of a compound?

Sure, let's say we have the following balanced chemical equation: 2HCl + NaOH → 2NaCl + H2O. To find the volume of NaOH needed to produce 1 mole of NaCl, we would use the mole ratio of NaOH to NaCl, which is 1:2. This means that for every 1 mole of NaOH, we will produce 2 moles of NaCl. We would then use the given amount of HCl to determine the number of moles of NaOH needed, and from there, we can calculate the volume of NaOH using the ideal gas law.

4. Are there any other factors that can affect the volume of a compound in a chemical reaction?

Yes, there are several factors that can affect the volume of a compound in a chemical reaction. These include temperature, pressure, and the presence of catalysts. These factors can alter the rate of the reaction and therefore, the volume of the compound produced.

5. Can stoichiometry be used to find the volume of any compound or only in certain types of reactions?

Stoichiometry can be used to find the volume of any compound as long as the reaction is balanced and the necessary information (such as the amount of reactants and products) is provided. However, it may be more challenging in certain types of reactions, such as those involving gases, as the ideal gas law may need to be used in addition to the stoichiometry equation.

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