# Fractional power equation. Solution domain.

• Final ansatz
In summary, the conversation discusses solving an equation of the general form and finding potential solutions for different parameters. The speakers also mention testing the solutions numerically and the need for analytical statements about the solution domain of the equation. They consider constraints on the parameters and suggest analyzing the solution space for different intervals to determine the values for x and y.
Final ansatz
Hi everyone,

I'm currently looking to solve an equation of the general form: $\sqrt{x^2-y^2}+\sqrt{\epsilon x^2-y^2} = \beta$. I'm interested in solving this equation for $x$ assuming $y>0$, $\epsilon>1$ and $\beta \in \mathbb{C}$. By squaring the equation twice I can find four potential solutions of the form:
$$x = (-1)^n \sqrt{ \frac{\beta^2}{(1-\epsilon)^2}\Big[1+\epsilon+(-1)^m \frac{2}{\beta}\sqrt{\epsilon y^2(2-\epsilon)+\epsilon\beta^2-y^2}\Big]} \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \mathrm{for}\ \{n,m\}\in \{1,2\}.$$
Now, I have tested these solutions numerically for parameters roughly in the range $y\in ]1.67, 2[$ and with $\epsilon \in ]1.01, 4[$. Generally, I seem to be getting proper solutions if $|\beta|$ is "large" - but if I set e.g. $y = 1.9$, $\epsilon = 2$ and $\beta = 0.02 + i 0.01$ then the solutions are wrong.
I'm consequently quite convinced that $\sqrt{x^2-y^2}+\sqrt{\epsilon x^2-y^2} = \beta$ only has solutions for certain parameters choices - what I want to find out is; can I analytically express when the equation has a solution? I.e. when is the solution domain of the equation empty?

Hey Final ansantz and welcome to the forums.

For your question I'm going to assume that |B| is approximately zero. This implies:

√(x^2 - y^2) + √(ex^2 - y^2) = β ~ 0 which implies:
√(x^2 - y^2) ~ -√(ex^2 - y^2) which implies
x^2 - y^2 ~ ex^2 - y^2 which implies
x^2 - ex^2 ~ 0 which implies
x^2[1 - e] ~ 0 which implies x^2 = 0 or e = 1 for this approximation.

But if this relation holds (or is a good approximation which will be the case for |B| being really small), then if e is significantly different from 1, then you will have a problem and get 'non-sensical' results.

If you wanted to do a better analysis of saying 'what' values should be used to get a solution, then instead of making B = 0, you would introduce some kind of epsilon term that corresponds to information about the norm of B.

But yeah given the above, if your e value is near two, then I can see where your answers would give radically different answers that don't make much sense.

I agree that your suggestion is a good way to qualitatively understand the origin of the problems - and it's clear that the issue becomes significantly more complicated when $\epsilon \neq 1$.

I would however still be very interested in any quantitative, analytical statements about the solution domain of the problem.

Final ansatz said:
I agree that your suggestion is a good way to qualitatively understand the origin of the problems - and it's clear that the issue becomes significantly more complicated when $\epsilon \neq 1$.

I would however still be very interested in any quantitative, analytical statements about the solution domain of the problem.

In terms of analyzing the problem, you need to take into account your constraints and the effects they have on the solutions.

What will happen is that because you have constraints on your $\epsilon$ and $\beta$ this means you will have constraints on y and subsequently x as well.

If the solutions go outside of these constraints then you will get answers that make no sense since basically these answers assume values that lie outside of your constraint which means that you from an equality to a non-equality (I won't say inequality because that's not what it is: it's a non-equality).

Probably the best way I think you should go about this is to analyze what the solution space is for the lower and upper bounds of your $\beta$ and $\epsilon$ intervals and then using these results get all of the intervals for x and y.

So for example with epilson, first set it to zero and get properties of the rest, set it to infinity, get the properties for the rest then do the same for beta and take the intersection of all the results for x and y and that will tell you what y should be and as a result what x should also be since x is just in terms of y.

## What is a fractional power equation?

A fractional power equation is an equation that involves a variable raised to a fractional exponent, such as x^(1/2) or x^(3/4).

## What is the solution domain of a fractional power equation?

The solution domain of a fractional power equation refers to the set of values that the variable can take in order to satisfy the equation. This set of values may be restricted depending on the specific equation and its context.

## What is the difference between a fractional power equation and a radical equation?

A fractional power equation and a radical equation are similar in that they both involve a variable raised to a fractional exponent. However, a fractional power equation can also include terms with whole number exponents, while a radical equation only involves roots.

## How do you solve a fractional power equation?

To solve a fractional power equation, you can use the same techniques as solving a standard algebraic equation. This may involve simplifying the equation, isolating the variable, and using inverse operations to solve for the variable.

## What are some real-life applications of fractional power equations?

Fractional power equations are commonly used in physics and engineering to model natural phenomena, such as in the laws of thermodynamics or in electrical circuits. They can also be used in finance and economics to model growth and decay rates.

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