Friction : BLOCKS AND A PULLEY

  • #1
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Homework Statement



A block of mass m1 is on top of a block of mass m2. Block 2 is connected by an ideal rope passing through a pulley to a block of unknown mass m3 as shown. The pulley is massless and frictionless. There is friction between block 1 and 2 and between the horizontal surface and block 2. Assume that the coefficient of kinetic friction between block 2 and the surface, μ, is equal to the coefficient of static friction between blocks 1 and 2.

Q1 : The mass of block 3 has been changed such that block 1 and block 2 are moving together with a given acceleration of magnitude a. What is the magnitude and the direction of the force of friction exerted by block 2 on block 1?

Q2: What is the minimum value of m3 for which block 1 will start to move relative to block 2?

Homework Equations





The Attempt at a Solution



Force of friction exerted by block 2 on block 1 to keep them both moving without one sleeping over another is [tex] m3g - μ(m1+m2)g = μm1g[/tex] Correct me where I'm wrong.

minimum value of m3 for which block 1 will start to move relative to 2 is [tex]m3g>μm1g[/tex]
Therefore, m3>μm1

Both my answers are wrong. Not able to go any where with this. Someone please explaing, and I'll solve.
 

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Answers and Replies

  • #2
haruspex
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Force of friction exerted by block 2 on block 1 to keep them both moving without one sleeping over another is [tex] m3g - μ(m1+m2)g = μm1g[/tex]
Take it in smaller steps. You are given that the acceleration is a. What are the forces acting on block 1? If it's accelerating at rate a, what does that tell you about the frictional force between 1 and 2?
 
  • #3
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Take it in smaller steps. You are given that the acceleration is a. What are the forces acting on block 1? If it's accelerating at rate a, what does that tell you about the frictional force between 1 and 2?
Forces acting on 1 is friction between block 2 and block 1 towards left. It is accelerating with block 2, so friction gets stronger to maintain no slipping condition. The friction, since it is static, cannot be μN.
How do I get the value of friction force so that it moves with block 2?
 
  • #4
haruspex
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Forces acting on 1 is friction between block 2 and block 1 towards left.
Towards the left on which block? Which way is block 1 accelerating?
It is accelerating with block 2, so friction gets stronger to maintain no slipping condition.
Why does the force need toi get stronger to accelerate at a constant rate?
The friction, since it is static, cannot be μN.
Static/kinetic refers to relative movement of the surfaces in contact. If 1 is not slipping on 2 it's static friction.
How do I get the value of friction force so that it moves with block 2?
You know the mass, you know the acceleration, so what's the force?
 
  • #5
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I figured out the second part. Could you hint me with the third?
 
  • #6
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Here's my attempt to the third part:
Since block 1 starts to move relative to block 2, it goes into kinetic friction. therefore:
[itex] m1a = mu*m1g [/itex]. Cancelling m1 would give me the minimum acceleration. How do I relate it to m3?
 
  • #7
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After drawing FBD for block 2 and 3, and substituting the acceleration for in previous post, I et
[tex](2*mu*m2+mu*m1)/(1-mu)[/tex]

Is this correct?
 
  • #8
haruspex
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After drawing FBD for block 2 and 3, and substituting the acceleration for in previous post, I et
[tex](2*mu*m2+mu*m1)/(1-mu)[/tex]

Is this correct?

I get something slightly different, Pls post your working.
 
  • #9
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For block 3:
[itex]m3g - T = m3a[/itex]
For block 2
[itex] T - mu*(m1 + m2)g = m2a [/itex]
From block 1, a = mu*g.

Substituted a in equations of block 2 and block 3.

Where am I going wrong?
 
  • #10
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Need to learn Latex. Sorry for making it confusing.
 
  • #12
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Which one? I don't see any more horizontal forces. Is it the reaction force of friction on block 1?
 
  • #13
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Still don't get the answer. What did you get? How did you do it?
 
  • #14
haruspex
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Which one? I don't see any more horizontal forces. Is it the reaction force of friction on block 1?

Yes. What do you get when you include that?
 
  • #16
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Why do not suppose that 1 "feeling" that 2 moves to the right generates a friction to the left to compensate m3g ?
 
  • #17
haruspex
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Why do not suppose that 1 "feeling" that 2 moves to the right generates a friction to the left to compensate m3g ?
I am unable to decipher your question.
 
  • #18
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Instead of asserting that 2 generates a friction to prevent 1 to stay steady, why don't you assert that it's 1 which generates a friction to prevent 2 to move ?
 
  • #19
haruspex
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Instead of asserting that 2 generates a friction to prevent 1 to stay steady, why don't you assert that it's 1 which generates a friction to prevent 2 to move ?
We are not concerned (in the last part of the question) with whether 2 moves. The critical point is whether 1 moves with 2 or lags behind. Besides, the friction between 1 and 2 could never prevent 2 from moving.
 
  • #20
Hello. I've been working on this problem as well and I have not been able to get my head around both of these questions. Could you please help me? :)
 
  • #21
haruspex
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Hello. I've been working on this problem as well and I have not been able to get my head around both of these questions. Could you please help me? :)
As for a new thread, please post your attempt.
 
  • #22
As for a new thread, please post your attempt.
Yes, I have now.
 
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