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A Generate Time Series with specific ACF and multiple LAG

  1. Apr 27, 2016 #1
    Hello Everyone,

    I will try to explain what am I doing here and I hope someone will understand.
    ACF - autocorrelation function

    I'm doing a research about non-parametric methods utility. How they fit and are useful in a different environment. I'm generating time series with different sizes of data (N=128, N=256, N=512 and so on, N - represents how many values are in time series.). For the results to be more accurate I generate 10 000 samples for each N=128, N=256... I'm using different ACF values (0,1 , 0,3 , 0,5 , 0,7 and 0,9) to generate those time series. And I also use 4 different distributions (Normal, Exponential, Cauchy and Uniform).

    I've managed to generate time series with LAG=1 using autoregressive process X(t) = aX(t-1) + e(t), where a = ACF value, e(t) are successively chosen at random using random number distribution (normal,exp,uni or cauchy).

    After having time series generated with specific ACF, I calculate autocorrelation from those generated time series. Having those two different values (ACF and autocorrelation from time series) I can calculate different residues and see where one or another method is more effective.

    I couldn't figure out how to generate time series with LAG>1.

    So, what I need to do now is to:

    A) Generate time series with higher LAG than 1. And while the LAG is increasing, I need ACF value to go down slowly and reach 0 (lets say in 10-20 LAGS)

    B) Generate time series with higher LAG than 1. And while the LAG is increasing, I need ACF value to go down FAST and reach 0 (lets say in 2-4 LAGS). ACF = 0 value should repeat itself until LAG=100 and then it should go up significantly

    C) Same thing. Generate time series by increasing it's LAG, but the ACF value should be cyclic. It should repeat itself every 4 or 8 or 12 LAG.

    I hope you understood what I was trying to say. Can you help me?
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 29, 2016 #2


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    For lag > 1, just try something like X(t) = aX(t-lag) + e(t)

    Is this what you are looking for?
    A) X(t) = 1/5.5* [X(t-1) + 0.9*X(t-2)+ 0.8*X(t-3)+ 0.7*X(t-4)+ 0.6*X(t-5) + ... ] + e(t)

    (I divided by 5.5 = 1+.9+.8+.7+.6+.5+.4+.3+.2+.1. I think that will make it stationary. Not sure. Would have to think about that. You can always divide by more.)
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