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Harmonics on a Stretched Spring

  1. Nov 27, 2007 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A. A string with a mass density μ = 4.10×10-3 kg/m is under a tension of F = 327 N and is fixed at both ends. One of its resonance frequencies is 742.0 Hz. The next higher resonance frequency is 1113.0 Hz. What is the fundamental frequency of this string?

    B. Which harmonic does the resonance frequency at 742.0 Hz correspond to? (i.e. what is n at this frequency?)


    C. What is the length of the string?


    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
    So for A. I wanted to use the equation...
    FF = 1/2L * sqrt(T/μ)
    FF - fundamental frequency
    Where...
    μ = 4.10×10-3 kg/m
    T = 327N
    but I don't know what L is?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 28, 2007 #2

    andrevdh

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    Homework Helper

    The standing waves in a string forms with integral multiples of half of the wavelength of the generated wave in the string

    [tex]L = n\frac{\lambda}{2}[/tex]

    and for the speed in the wave we can substitute

    [tex]\lambda f = \alpha[/tex]

    where

    [tex]\alpha = \sqrt{\frac{T}{\mu}}[/tex]

    giving

    [tex] \lambda = \frac{1}{f} \alpha[/tex]

    lets say that the one standing wave forms such that

    [tex] L = \frac{n\lambda _1}{2}[/tex]

    and the next harmonic such that

    [tex] L = \frac{(n + 1) \lambda _2}{2}[/tex]

    equating gives

    [tex]\frac{n\lambda _1}{2} = \frac{(n + 1) \lambda _2}{2}[/tex]

    therefore

    [tex]n\lambda _1 = (n + 1) \lambda _2[/tex]

    substituting now for [tex]\lambda[/tex] gives

    [tex] \frac{n \alpha}{f_1} = \frac{(n+1) \alpha}{f_2} [/tex]

    .......
     
    Last edited: Nov 28, 2007
  4. Nov 28, 2007 #3
    Wow...okay so is that all just for the first part of the question??
     
  5. Nov 28, 2007 #4
    Ok I got the answer for A and B (A was 371Hz and B was 2)....but I can not figure out how to determine the length of the string. I thought the equation to use was...
    L = V/2f
    but I don't have the velocity...
    Can someone please help me with this.
    Thank you
     
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