# Helmholtz theorem derivation question

1. Dec 15, 2014

### DivergentSpectrum

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmholtz_decomposition#Derivation
how do we go from

to

also on the next step

∇' just means the gradient with respect to r', right?
Also, why do i have to use the dirac delta function? i thought it was only used to deal with discontinuities?

also when we say

the volume integral of a vector field just means we do the triple integral on each component of the vector field independently right?

Last edited: Dec 15, 2014
2. Dec 15, 2014

### Staff: Mentor

Last edited: Dec 15, 2014
3. Dec 15, 2014

### DivergentSpectrum

del is an operator though? if i applied that to this case then id get stuff like or

i dont know why theyd explain each step then leave one completely mising