Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Homework Help: HELP a question on angular velocity

  1. Oct 21, 2008 #1
    HELP!!!a question on angular velocity

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A horizontal cylindrical rod is free to rotate about a vertical axis perpendicular to its length through its centre of mass. two beads of mass m and 2m are each a distance l from the axis of rotation and are tied together by a light string. the coefficient of static friction between each of the beads and the rod is mu(s). the rod accelerates from rest with a constant angular acceleration alpha. find the angular velocity of the rod at the instant the beads start to move along the rod, if mu(s)=1/12, l=2.0m (radius), and alpha=1.5rad/s

    2. Relevant equations
    centripetal or radial acceleration:
    LaTeX Code: <BR>a_c = \\frac{v^2}{r} = r\\omega^2<BR>

    tangential acceleration:
    LaTeX Code: <BR>a_{\\rm tan} = r\\alpha<BR>

    3. The attempt at a solution
    first of all, I tried to find tangential acceleration:
    than I have to solve for the centripetal acceleration:
    two unknown variables, so we have to solve for a
    Frictional force=mu(s)*m*g
    mu(s)=1/12 g=9.8
    frictional force=ma
    then omega=0.639
    I am wondering, for this question which is the answer we want, omega or tangential accleration? or others?
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 21, 2008 #2
    Re: HELP!!!a question on angular velocity

    You should not equate the tangential and centripetal acceleration. What you want to do is find the total acceleration on the beads. This is the tangential plus the centripetal accelerations. When we know what the total acceleration is, we can equate it with the force of friction and so forth.
  4. Oct 21, 2008 #3
    Re: HELP!!!a question on angular velocity

    total acceleration=sqrt(tangential acceleration^2+centripetal acceleration^2)
    after we find the total acceleration, is it the answer we are looking for? if not can you tell me how to relate velocity to acceleration? thank you very much.
  5. Oct 22, 2008 #4
    Re: HELP!!!a question on angular velocity

    The total acceleration is not the answer, the problem asks you to find the angular velocity, but you need to find the total acceleration to get there. Now, the total acceleration is a vector with one component being the tangential acceleration and the other component being the centripetal acceleration. You have calculated the magnitude of the total acceleration. (You probably know this, but I just want to be unambiguous.) Now, Newton's 2nd law states that

    m*a_total = sum of forces

    The total acceleration (vector) is pointing opposite the force of friction, so their magnitudes must be opposite. Thus,

    m*|a_total| = mu*m*g

    where |a_total| is the magnitude of the total acceleration. You know everything on the right side of this equation. You know almost everything on the left side except for the angular momentum, which you need to find the centripetal acceleration, which is part of |a_total|. You have an equation with one unknown, omega. Solve for omega.
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook