angular velocity Definition and Topics - 107 Discussions

In physics, angular velocity or rotational velocity (


{\displaystyle {\boldsymbol {\omega }}}


{\displaystyle {\boldsymbol {\Omega }}}
), also known as angular frequency vector, is a vector measure of rotation rate, that refers to how fast an object rotates or revolves relative to another point, i.e. how fast the angular position or orientation of an object changes with time.
There are two types of angular velocity. Orbital angular velocity refers to how fast a point object revolves about a fixed origin, i.e. the time rate of change of its angular position relative to the origin. Spin angular velocity refers to how fast a rigid body rotates with respect to its center of rotation and is independent of the choice of origin, in contrast to orbital angular velocity.
In general, angular velocity has dimension of angle per unit time (angle replacing distance from linear velocity with time in common). The SI unit of angular velocity is radians per second, with the radian being a dimensionless quantity, thus the SI units of angular velocity may be listed as s−1. Angular velocity is usually represented by the symbol omega (ω, sometimes Ω). By convention, positive angular velocity indicates counter-clockwise rotation, while negative is clockwise.
For example, a geostationary satellite completes one orbit per day above the equator, or 360 degrees per 24 hours, and has angular velocity ω = (360°)/(24 h) = 15°/h, or (2π rad)/(24 h) ≈ 0.26 rad/h. If angle is measured in radians, the linear velocity is the radius times the angular velocity,


{\displaystyle v=r\omega }
. With orbital radius 42,000 km from the earth's center, the satellite's speed through space is thus v = 42,000 km × 0.26/h ≈ 11,000 km/h. The angular velocity is positive since the satellite travels eastward with the Earth's rotation (counter-clockwise from above the north pole.)
Angular velocity is a pseudovector, with its magnitude measuring the angular speed, the rate at which an object rotates or revolves, and its direction pointing perpendicular to the instantaneous plane of rotation or angular displacement. The orientation of angular velocity is conventionally specified by the right-hand rule.

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  1. V

    How to determine angular velocity about a certain axis?

    If the crawling insect were stationary at a certain instant of time, then it would have the same angular velocity as that of disk, which is w in a clockwise direction. But now it's velocity at any instant is the vector sum of velocity due to rotation and the velocity it crawls at. My attempt is...
  2. momoneedsphysicshelp

    Finding Angular Velocity in Rotational Motion Problems

    53 rpm equals 5.55 rad/sec multiply 5.55 by 2pi to get angular velocity of 34.8717 Is the answer 34.8717? What should I have done to more accurately solve the problem with a better understanding? What other steps should I take when solving similar problems? and lastly, Is the mass relevant...
  3. G

    What is a "Torsional Constant"?

    The question was: I will also include the solution: So, what is the justification of the first formula [ω=√(C/I)]? I know how to derive simple harmonic equations, this one as I guess is probably similar? But I cannot connect as to how C is used exactly. And the second formula [ω'=ωβ], I...
  4. RemotePhysics

    Require help with angular velocity and people flying off the planet!

    My solutions (attempts) : a> w=v/r | r=6.35x10^6m | therefore V=7.04x10^-5 m/s b> speed of rotation is faster at the equator than the pole as w=v/r. As w remains constant, as r increases towards the pole V has to decrease. c> F = W - R d> Stuck here. I presume that I have to use the equation...
  5. G

    Mechanics: Angular Velocity Vector Questions

    Answers are the following : (i) v=(2cost)i - (2sint)j -(1/2)k (ii)2.06m/s (iii)2m/s^2 horizontally towards the vertical axis, making an angle of pi/4 with both the I and j axes.
  6. brotherbobby

    Vector potential ##\vec A## in terms of magnetic field ##\vec B##

    My solution is making an analogy of the ##\text{Relevant equations}## as shown above, starting from the equation ##\vec \omega = \frac{1}{2} \vec \nabla \times \vec v##. We have ##\vec B = \vec \nabla \times \vec A = \frac{1}{2} \vec \nabla \times 2\vec A \Rightarrow 2\vec A = \vec B \times...
  7. jeffrey

    Pulley angular velocity problem

    Further given: - every beam is infinite stiff - pulleys are massless - cables don't stretch, no slip, and frictionless. -Every pulley has a diameter D except pulley Q. Pulley Q has diameter 0.5*D So what I don't understand is how to calculate/determine the velocity at R and S. Can someone help...
  8. P

    Rotation of two cylinders inclined at an angle

    A single pair of points will be in contact between P and Q. The frictional force will try to make the velocity of these points equal. Say the final angular velocity of Q is ωq. The velocity of points in contact can never be equal because of difference in directions of ωq and ωp. If I break...
  9. R

    Angular Velocity of a Car going around a curve

    θ=90°= π /2 so the instantaneous angular velocity dθ/dt= lim∆ t -> 0 (θ(t + ∆ t)-θ(t))/(∆ t) When I calculate it out it is π /2 radians per second. Is this correct?
  10. A

    Angular speed, acceleration, and angle of a Ferris wheel

    ω(10)=(1.3)∗(1.0−e^(−10/22) )= 0.475 rad/s 0.475 rad/s=0 +α(10second) α=0.0475 rad/s^2 ∫ω(t)=Θ =1.3t + 28.6e^(-t/22) | (t=10s, t=0) total angle by which the wheel rotates over this period of t=10 seconds = 2.55 rad Θ= 2(pi)(8m)= 1.3t + 28.6e^(-t/22) 0=1.3t + 28.6e^(-t/22) - 2(pi)(8m) t=34...
  11. A

    Angular acceleration and velocity in a circle

    33.33 RPM (1min/60second)(6.28 radian/1 revolution) = 3.45 rad/s linear velocity=3.45 rad/s * 0.1524m=0.526 m/s linear acceleration= (0.526 m/s)^2 /(0.1524m)=1.814 m/s^2 1.814 m/s^2=(0.1524m)(rotational acceleration) rotational acceleration=11.9 rad/s^2 ω1= (3.45 rad/s)+(11.9rad/s^2)(10s)...
  12. K

    Write an expression w1 of the angle shown in the first picture

    A bicycle wheel rolls at a constant speed along a circular path on a horizontal surface. The wheel has a constant angle of inclination to the vertical direction and the distance from its center of mass G to the fixed Z axis is R. Determine the relationship between the angular velocity w1 around...
  13. N

    Rotating with slipping to rotating without slipping?

    It seems to me that this transition implies going from kinetic friction to static friction. The kinetic friction would apply a torque that would slow down the object's angular velocity, but I'm not sure how this connects to the object suddenly transitioning into rotating without slipping.
  14. sergiokapone

    A Index juggling by example of angular momentum tensor

    Lets consider the angular momentum tensor (here ##m=1##) \begin{equation} L^{ij} = x^iv^j - x^jv^i \end{equation} and rortational velocity of particle (expressed via angular momentum tensor) \begin{equation} v^j = \omega^{jm}x_m. \end{equation} Then \begin{equation} L^{ij} =...
  15. Isolde Wilde

    Are angular & vertical velocity the same if the objects are connected

    think of a engine. it has a flywheel and a rod connected to it. a string had been totally wrapped around the rod and a mass is hanged from the very end of the rod. the system is in equilibrium. but as the engine starts to rotate, the rod with rotate as well and cause the hanged object to go...
  16. Mmarzipan

    Collision with a ball spinning about its vertical axis

    Homework Statement A ball A is rotating on a table with an angular velocity ω about its vertical axis. An identical ball B collides with the ball A elastically. After collision the ball A starts sliding over the table. The coefficient of friction is µ. Find: 1) the angle α between the angular...
  17. WhiteWolf98

    Rigid Bodies/ Angular Velocity

    Homework Statement Homework Equations ##v=\omega r## The Attempt at a Solution So, using the equation, one can work out the velocity at point ##B##. ##v_B=\omega_{AB} \cdot r_B## ##v_B=6(0.4)=2.4~ ms^{-1}## I then tried working out the angular velocity at point ##C## using the...
  18. A

    Calculate the relative angular velocity

    Homework Statement AB is a rod of length 10 m that is leaning against the wall. Given variables are shown in the diagram. Find angular velocity of A wrt B. I have a doubt in one step that I will highlight in "The attempt at a solution" part. Homework Equations...
  19. S

    Difference between angular velocity and angular frequency

    I have seen so many questions and confusion about the difference between angular velocity/speed and angular frequency. Usually, answers were always given in the context of uniform circular motion (angular speed) and simple harmonic oscillation (angular frequency), but this is what causes the...
  20. Bob Jones

    Why is the specific angular momentum equal to this?

    From a wiki's vis-viva equation page, it is given that the specific angular momentum h is also equal to the following: h = wr^2 = ab * n How can ab * n be derived to be equal to the angular momentum using elliptical orbit energy/momentum/other equations without having to use calculus or...
  21. K

    Tyres of a car lifting when turning left sharply...

    Homework Statement Why do the left wheels of a car rise when it takes a sharp left turn (that is it lurches towards the right)? Homework Equations $$a_c= V^2/R$$ The Attempt at a Solution I started by imagining the car as being a part of a very large ring, dx. Since it's taking a left turn...
  22. K

    Kinematics chase problem

    Homework Statement Starting from the center of a circular path of radius R, a particle P chases another particle Q that is moving with a uniform speed v on the circular path. The chaser P moves with a constant speed u and always remains collinear with the centre and location of the chased Q...
  23. Wale

    Motor driven hydraulic cylinder design

    I am trying to design a mechanism which has a hydraulic cylinder driven by a step motor. The motor shaft is connected to the hydraulic cylinder piston via two rods of lengths r and L as shown in the below figure. I want the cylinder's piston to be driven at constant velocity v, so I am trying to...
  24. Alexanddros81

    Two particle system - find their angular velocities

    Hi! I want to start solving problems from the text 'Orbital Mechanics for Engineering students' by Curtis 2nd edition. Is this the right place to post? Homework Statement 2.1 Two particles of identical mass m are acted on only by the gravitational force of one upon the other. If the distance d...
  25. P

    Effects of centripetal force on longer objects

    I have a question. What will happen if you have a long object let’s say a person was lassoed by their feet and spun around by a super strong machine or person. Since the persons head of who is being spun is moving at a much faster tangential velocity then let’s say their feet. If the rope is cut...
  26. A

    Angular Velocity in Simple Harmonic Motion

    I am very confused about angular velocity ω and why its used in simple harmonic motion. ω is described as θ/τ but when it comes to masses on springs, there is no angle - it is zero. Angular velocity comes from circular motion but the motion of SHM is not circular. My confusion is even greater...
  27. S

    Radius and centripetal relation

    Homework Statement the file given Homework Equations F=mv^2/r The Attempt at a Solution I do not understand why the centripetal force is 2a and not 2/a since the radius of X is twice longer. When I use the equation above, raidius is inversely proportional to the acceleration. Is radius...
  28. M

    Angular Velocity & Acceleration for a Series of Connected Objects

    PIC: [] 1. A rotating disk is connected with two arms AD and DB which are rotating with the rate of 0.2 rad/s^2 and -0.3 rad/s^2 respectively about X or x' axis. Disk itself is rotating about small z axis with the rate...
  29. JTC

    I Left translate back to I in SO(3)

    Hello I am hoping someone can explain a sentence to me. Unfortunately, I do not even recall where I read it. I wrote it down years ago and long since lost the source. (Now I think some of it is making sense, but I don't remember the source.) Consider R(t) as an orthogonal rotation matrix...
  30. A

    Velocity of a piston in a piston-shaft mechanism

    Homework Statement In the figure, a piston P is connected to a cylinder. The piston is connected to a rotating wheel with two shafts AB and BC. The shaft AB is connected on the periphery of the wheel. The wheel is rotating with angular speed ω= 100 rad s-1. At the moment A,C and the center of...