# Hooks and pulleys (torque and force)

1. Dec 22, 2007

### Niles

[SOLVED] Hooks and pulleys (torque and force)

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Two weights are connected by a very light flexible cord that passes over a 50.0N frictionless pulley of radius .300m. The pulley is a solid uniform disk and is supported by a hook connected to the ceiling. What force does the hook exert on the ceiling. The weight on the left is 75.0N, and the weight on the right is 125N.

3. The attempt at a solution
I can find the acceleration of the entire system, but I can't see how this would change the weight of the entire system?

2. Dec 22, 2007

### Shooting Star

Why don't you start by finding the tensions in both parts of the string? Are they equal in magnitude?

3. Dec 22, 2007

### Niles

No, they are are not - else the system wouldn't accelerate. But still, what do I do when I've found the tensions, the acc. and all?

4. Dec 22, 2007

### Shooting Star

Then we can calculate the reaction on the pulley. But first answer the question we've asked.

Last edited: Dec 22, 2007
5. Dec 22, 2007

### Niles

Ok, the torque on the pulley is:

(T_2-T_1) * R = ½ * M * R * a (T_2 is tension for heavy block, T_1 tension for small block and a is linear acceleration of blocks and pulley)

For heavy block: m_h * a = m_h * g - T_2

For small block: m_s * a = T_1 - m_s*g

The tension for small block is: T_1 = m_h*(a-g) + ½*m_pulley*a

The tension for heavy block is: T_2 = m_s(a+g) + ½*m_pulley*a.

From here, what do I do?

6. Dec 22, 2007

### Niles

Btw, I get that T_1 = 91,67 N, T_2 = 97,22 N and the acc. is 2,18 m/s^2

7. Dec 22, 2007

### Shooting Star

In a massless string, which does not have any frictional force acting on it, the tension is constant through out its length. So, there is only one tension T.

For the 75 N weight, whose mass I'll call m1, and which is going up, m1a = T - m1g.

Find a similar eqn for m2.

Then find T.

The pulley has two strings hanging from it, and the tension in both is T. What will be the net reaction on the pulley?

8. Dec 22, 2007

### Niles

What? The tension is the same?! How does the pulley accelerate then? And in my book they operate with two tensions.

Last edited: Dec 22, 2007
9. Dec 22, 2007

### Shooting Star

Why should the pulley accelerate? The chord just slips over it.

10. Dec 22, 2007

### Niles

I'm not sure about that. The pulley has an angular acceleration.

11. Dec 22, 2007

### Shooting Star

Then rewrite the original problem clearly.

12. Dec 22, 2007

### Niles

The problem statement is as I wrote in the first post beginning. It's for an "Advanced Classical Mechanics"-course, so we have to operate with angular acceleration of pulley, torque and all that..

13. Dec 22, 2007

### Shooting Star

Is that your logic for including angular accn of the pulley, in a situation where it possibly cannot have any?

Follow the method I've outlined in post no.7, and find the value of T.

14. Dec 22, 2007

### Niles

I've found T = 93,75 N.

But still, since the two blocks are acc., then surely the pulley must have an ang. acc. as well?

15. Dec 22, 2007

### Shooting Star

Please tell me why the pulley must have angular accn?

16. Dec 22, 2007

### Niles

First I want to thank you, because you showed me that the net force on the ceiling is T_1 + T_2 + weight of pulley.

Second, since the two blocks are accelerating, the string is accelerating and the string turns the pulley - hence the pulley must have an angular acceleration.

This method gave me the correct answer, which is 239 N; T_1 + T_2 + weight, pulley = 239 N.

Again, thank you.

Last edited: Dec 22, 2007
17. Dec 22, 2007

### Shooting Star

Hold on a sec here. In your 1st post, you have written that it's a frictionless pulley, and confirmed it later when I asked you! If there is friction between string and pulley, T1 and T2 would be different, and the pulley will definitely undergo ang accn.

If you had been a bit more careful, we'd solved it long ago. Anyway, better late than never.

18. Dec 22, 2007

### Niles

When you said frictionless, I thought you meant that there is no friction between the pulley and it's axis of rotation - I didn't think you meant the string and the pulley. But still, we solved it and I will be more careful next time.

19. Dec 22, 2007

### Shooting Star

That's all right. In fact, you did the problem completely by yourself because of the misunderstanding. Next time, formulate problems carefully.